Skip to main contentDissertation proposals & writing dissertationsThis book takes you through all the elements needed for a successful dissertation proposal and dissertation. The book explains the sections required for both proposal and dissertation, and offers helpful downloadable templates to assist with the presentation.
Site:Table of contentsGetting Started Writing both your dissertation proposal and your dissertation will utilise the skills you have developed throughout your course.
Research proposal - university of exeter
This book will cover:writing and organising your dissertationpresenting your proposal and dissertation to the required specifications for submission This short guide is aimed at helping you to write a good research proposal. It is intended to help you to think Note: If you are applying for a specific pre-defined research project in science, technology, engineering conventions and expectations (by looking on the appropriate Exeter college website). In summary though, a .
One useful book is Your Undergraduate Dissertation - The Esssential Guide for Success by Nicholas Walliman.
Chapter 6 goes through all the sections of a proposal and what's involved. TitleYou need a working title to focus on throughout your research.
It may be that you will improve on the wording later but make sure the title you begin with means something. Remember:Future employers may ask about the topic of your dissertation.
It might be worth thinking to the future in order to come up with something that will gain their interest. Which of the following would gain your interest if you were the manager of a web-based sales company?"Intranets and their use in advertising""Using Intranets to build a knowledge management system""How recent developments in Intranet technology can be used improve sales performance.
"IntroductionSet your ideas into a theoretical/academic context. Your statement should:Explain why you think this is worth investigatingDescribe the nature and purpose of your researchIndicate what you hope to achieve.
Remember:Some lecturers prefer students to weave their literature review into the introduction; others prefer it to be kept separate. If you are unable to complete your statement then you are not yet ready to begin.
Aims and objectivesWhat is the difference between an aim and an objective in an academic context?AimAims are statements of intent, written in broad terms. Aims set out what you hope to achieve at the end of the project.
ObjectiveA goal or a step on the way to meeting the aim; how you will achieve it. Objectives use specific statements which define measurable outcomes.
For example: what steps will you take to achieve the desired outcome?Objectives should be S. :Measureable –you will know when you have reached your goalAchievable – Don’t attempt too much.
A less ambitious but completed objective is better than an over-ambitious one that you cannot possible achieve. Realistic – do you have the necessary resources to achieve the objective? For example: time, money, skills, etc?Time constrained – determine when each stage needs to be completed.
Is there time in your schedule to allow for unexpected delays?Remember:Strong verbs:Weak verbs:How many aims or objectives should there be?There are no fixed number of aims or objectives. Some tutors are happy with one clear strong aim, whilst others like to see a main aim supported by at least two subsidiary aims.
You will be required to produce sufficient objectives to be able to measure progress towards meeting the aim/s.
Thesis topics, department of computer science and information
Objectives:Data sets will be extracted from the known historical record of tectonic-plate movementData sets will be extracted from astronomical tables detailing the various alignments of the major planets covering the same period as data from the geological record Senior research projects in Environmental Sciences have the following elements in common: An environmental issue We are well aware that the best laid out research plans may go awry, and that the best completed theses sometimes bear only little resemblance to the thesis planned during the proposal. Therefore, when .
The data from both sets will be synthesised to establish if correlation points exist between major geological events and planetary alignments.
Methodologyexplain what methods you intend to use when researching and developing your report. It is important to explain what research methods you used to collect your info. Do not include your questionnaires, interview transcripts, etc.
Discuss with your project supervisor the extent and level of detail required; original research will obviously require a more detailed description than a project based solely on secondary research.
Example of a methodology statementThe following sample statements are intended to give a flavour of the approach one could take but they are not to be assumed to represent a complete methodology. Literature surveySecondary data will be reviewed initially through the university library using a range of information sources such as the OPAC system, academic and commercial abstracts, bibliographic databases, and Internet search engines.
To aid the search, a table of key terms will be constructed and the sources located will be correlated with this. A secondary cross-reference table will be developed so that data can be viewed from different perspectives.
Data collection and samplingTo test current practice against the historical record an on-line survey will be conducted to gather primary source data from companies currently engaged in the export of goods related to heavy engineering projects. The survey will collect quantitative data on the range of goods requiring an end-user licence.
A systematic yet random sample of companies will be drawn from members of the British Business Register. Data analysisAs the number of companies, engaged in the defined activity, has yet to be established the data analysis method has not yet been decided.
However, it is anticipated that a commercial spreadsheet package such as MS Excel would be suitable, although more sophisticated analysis software such as SPSS is available within the university’s IT centre should this be required. Remember:If someone else chooses to carry out the same or a very similar type of study, they should be able to understand and copy your methods from your descriptions.
For example:you may have too much material to cover so you will need to put some limits in place on the projectyou may not be able to conduct some research due to constraints imposed by time, cost or availability of materials. The literature survey will be as thorough as possible and will be complete by the time the dissertation is written up in full. However, one key area will require a number of visits to the British Library as some materials are not available on inter-library loan.
This section will be researched over the summer break as time permits. Whilst it is hoped to conduct some primary research in the USA during the summer of 2010, current restrictions on visa applications is causing some concern. Should the USA research prove impossible to achieve, secondary research will be extended in order to provide an alternative means of analysis.
Whilst every endeavour will be made to present a global perspective, many original documents are written in languages other than English.
Obtaining technical translation of these documents may prove difficult due to financial constraints This book takes you through all the elements needed for a successful dissertation proposal and dissertation. The book explains Writing both your dissertation proposal and your dissertation will utilise the skills you have developed throughout your course. Many of these Discussion. e.g.Is art really a good investment?.
The scope and limitation of the study - an example - uk essays
ResourcesExample:The university’s library and IT facilities should prove adequate for the majority of the research and analysis required by this study. However, graphical representation of some of the data may require the use of specialist software such as Pro-graph, which is not currently available in university’s IT suite.
This will not affect publication of the results, however, as this service is provided locally by a commercial printing facility. TimetableBelow is a proposed timetable for your dissertation.
Your schedule should be designed to fit in with the university timetable/academic year and should take account of any deadlines set by your department. It should also be sufficiently detailed for your supervisor to identify any areas of weakness in order to provide you with appropriate guidance:Academic calendar week no.
Remember:When submitting any written work via turnitin you need to add an electronic cover sheet to your assignment. You can get a copy of this from your Unit page, or visit Successful Online Submission.
To see examples of past dissertations from Solent University students, please visit the archive below. Cover pageAll dissertations and theses submitted at Southampton Solent University must be bound and have an official uni cover page.
You can get the cover page from your faculty office. Notice that the cover page has a 'window' in it (a rectangular hole).
Make sure that your title page has the required information positioned correctly so that it shows through the hole. Figure 1: Example cover pageIn the template above, the title page is formatted correctly.
Notice that the template title page shows through the picture of the cover. Remember:When submitting any work online via turnitin add an electronic cover sheet to your assignment.
Get a copy of this from your Unit page, or visit Successful Online Submission. Dissertations are exempt from online submission, however you can use turnitin prior to the hand in date to check your work.
Title pageYour dissertation or thesis should have a title page - it'll look something like the one here (taken from one held at the Solent Electronic Archive 'for reference only'). Figure 2: Example title pageYour faculty should provide you with a standard Solent University dissertation/thesis cover.
This has a rectangular hole or ‘window’ through which it should be possible to read the following details from the title page:The award for which the project is submittedThe academic year of submissionThe name of the authorThe title of the workYou have to position the window carefully in the centre of the page. You could create a moveable text box on the page in order to do that, or you could use the template which has the window positioned correctly.
Other information that may appear on the title page but outside of the window space may include:Southampton Solent UniversityThe name of your supervisorThe date of presentationAcknowledgementsThe acknowledgments is a paragraph which thanks everyone who has helped you whilst you have been researching and writing your may be your supervisor or any other academic staff who have provided guidance and support; other students or colleagues that you've collaborated with; interviewees; librarians; external bodies who have given you assistance. Not every dissertation/thesis has one but it is a good idea, if you are clear about who you should thank - don't just include one because you feel you ought to.
Do check previous students' papers in the library and talk to your supervisor about whether to include one. Figure 3: Example Acknowledgements page (from Solent Electronic Archive).
Remember:Acknowledgements usually come on the first page after the title page although some people put it after the abstract. AbstractThe Abstract is a summarised version of your complete paper.
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Every dissertation/thesis does have an Abstract although it may be called a 'summary' 25 May 2017 - An information technology essay, describing the research methodology, results, analysis and discussion of the scope and limitation. This proposed study will make an enhancement in the current technical support mechanism used by the UUM Postgraduate technical support department. It will be .
Remember to:Briefly outline the results and the conclusions you have reached.
Figure 4: Example abstract page (from Solent Electronic Archive). Remember:Contents pageA dissertation or a thesis is an extended piece of writing.
To help your reader find information easily, you must include a Contents page. Figure 5: Example contents pageUsually, the Contents page will come after the Acknowledgements and Abstract, and before the List of figures (if you have one) and the Introduction.
Notice that everything leading up to the Introduction does not have to be numbered here. If you do number the pages, the numbering would be in Roman numerals.
Remember:Be very careful when making your final draft that all of the page numbers given in the Contents are correct. List of figures or illustrationsYou will need to include a List of figures, a List of illustrations or even both if your dissertation has the following items:tables or chartsThis page should:list the name of each figure or illustration, included in the body of your dissertation or thesis.
It should give the number of the page that it appears on. give a descriptive title (not 'Figure 1', 'Table 1' etc.
Figure 6: Example of a list of tables/figures pageRemember: You do not need to give reference details here.
Include these in a citation next to the figure itself and in your Reference List or Bibliography. what's the difference?If you are doing a design or fine arts subject, it is likely that you will include photographs, drawings, paintings or illustrations in your dissertations. These would normally be included in your List of illustrations.
In other subjects, it is common to include all tables, charts, graphs, photographs, drawings, etc. However, if you have a great deal of information presented in tables, it may be best to have a both a List of tables and a List of figures (everything that's not a table). When labelling, number these separately (Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.
Remember: The List of illustrations is positioned after the Contents page (on a separate page) and before the Introduction.
Check what is the normal practice in your discipline. Main body - introductionThe introduction serves as an expansion of your title and is included in every dissertation.
The introduction:uses a descriptive writing stylegives a bit more detail about the problem or question you are tackling in the papermakes a very clear statement of your purpose – Why did you carry out the research? Why are you writing this dissertation?indicates the scope of your research.
Dissertation proposals & writing dissertations - solent online learning
can define any key terms which need clarfying in order to understand the content.
Remember:When numbering the pages, start at 1 on the introduction Need to purchase an components technology thesis proposal A4 (British/European) 3 pages / 825 words American no plagiarism. | 03.01.2018| 89| 336 Best websites to buy an components technology thesis proposal Proofreading PhD CSE no plagiarism. | 29.12.2017| 135| 360 .
Main body - literature surveyA Literature Surveyis positioned after the introduction and before the methodologydescribes the existing and established theory and research in your report area. can show where you are filling a perceived gap in the existing theory or knowledgecan propose something that goes against or is controversial to existing ideas. accurately references all sources mentioned and gives a full citation in the Reference List.
Remember:The Literature Survey is not in every dissertation. Sometimes the literature survey can be embedded in the main body of your writing.
Check whether to include this seperately or not with your department or tutor. Main body - methodologyThe general idea is that, should someone else choose to carry out the same or a very similar type of study, they should be able to understand and copy your methods from your descriptions.
Your thesis or dissertation will involve a large body of research so it is important to explain what research methods you used to collect your information. The Methodology should:is positioned after the introduction (and Literature survey if one is included)explains the methods used in researching and developing your report.
Remember:Main body - resultsuses a descriptive writing approach in an objective and factual way. is positioned after the Introduction (Literature survey and Methodology if these included), directly before the Discussion section.
describes everything discovered through your research. gives all of the results, but only the results of your research activities.
can include tables, graphs or illustrations here to make it easier for the reader to understand the data. Remember:Main body - discussionis positioned after the Results section.
interprets your own understanding of what the results of your research show. contextualises your ideas in relation to other theories and with other similar research, particularly in reference to the works mentioned in your literature survey. Remember:All of this discussion must be framed within the purpose you stated in your title and introduction.
Do not draw out your conclusions here, but open up the discussion of possibilities. Main body - recommendationsCheck with your tutor or department whether you should be including recommendations in your dissertation or not.
If the dissertation provides information on an area for which future decisions will need to be made, then you should include recommendations on what decisions to make. The recommendations:is positioned after the Conclusionmust be cross referenced to the part of the paper that gives evidence for them.
each recommendation should be numbered separately. Main body - conclusionuses an evaluative and possibly argumentative approach.
Consider the following questions:What, in your conclusion, did your research show in relation to your aims?Did you meet your aims, go beyond them, or in fact fail to reach your aims?Did you prove your own hypothesis or disprove it?Remember:Do not go back to a longwinded explanation of your results but instead give a brief and clear statement of what these results show Below are the research areas of staff at both the Melbourne and Bendigo Campuses for the Department of Computer Science and Information Technology. Topics suitable management. Those who get a good grade in Software Engineering project, or SNM or SRT are encouraged to discuss the potential projects with me..
Reference List/BibliographySome dissertations have a reference list, some have a bibliography, some have both.
Ask your supervisor, and look at past papers in your subject to find out which one to use. Figure 7: Example references pageA Reference list:gives the detailed references for all source materials used in your paper.
includes anything quoted, paraphrased or referred to that was written or stated by someone other than yourself . A Bibliography:gives the detailed references for all source materials you have read.
lists anything looked at in your researchTip:AppendicesAn appendix normally includes research related material that does not fit easily or suitably in the body of the paper:survey questionnairesinterview transcriptssupplementary data which adds useful information or insight but is not essential to the understanding of the paperAn Appendix:is numbered and titled Figure 8: Example appendices pageThe dissertation template has that all set out for you - click the image of an appendix on the right to download the template. Remember: For each Appendix, start on a new page.
What a dissertation should look likeThe following pages give you advice on:how to format and present a title pagenumbering sections and figuresWatch this short video for a student's perspective:Remember:The advice on this site is general. Always check the specific requirements of your faculty or department.
Ask if they can provide you with dissertation writing guidelines. To see examples of past dissertations from Solent University students, please visit the archive below.
Title pageAs your dissertation is a larger piece of writing you should have a title page. Your faculty should provide you with a standard Solent University dissertation cover.
This has a rectangular hole or ‘window’ through which it should be possible to read the following details from the title page:The award for which the project is submittedThe academic year of submissionThe name of the authorThe title of the workPosition the window carefully in the centre of the page. You could either create a moveable text box on the page in order to do that, or use our template which has the window positioned correctly.
Other information that may appear on the title page but outside of the window space may include:Southampton Solent UniversityThe name of your supervisorThe date of presentationRemember: Dissertations are normally exempt from online submission. However, you can use online submission to check your work prior to the hand in date.
If you're submitting any work online via turnitin add an electronic cover sheet to your assignment. Get a copy of this from your Unit page, or visit Online Submission using Turnitin.
Numbering sections and figuresGood academic writing is about ease of understanding. Numbering the sections makes it easy to know where you are in the dissertation at any one time.
It also means that your reader can use the contents page to find any particular part of the text they are interested in. Numbering sections in your dissertationGive all major sections a consecutive number using Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.
2 QuestionnairesContinue to add sub-sub sections by increasing the number of decimal points. Avoid doing this excessively as you may make the structure too complicated.
Numbering figures, tables and illustrations Label and format correctly any figures or tables that you use in your dissertation:Number figures and tables separatelyNumber them consecutively, using Arabic numbers (e. ) in the order that they appear in the textEach figure or table should have a titleFor example:Figure 10: Example of a tableCheck very carefully that the numbering and page numbering are all correct in your list of tables and figuresAlways provide a source for any figure or table that was not created by you, and give a full citation for the source in your reference listRemember:For example: illustrations in a design dissertation has 'figures’.
If including a figure or table, refer to it in the body of your paper at the point where it appears. the sequence of appendices should be given using capital letters of the alphabet (A, B, C, etc.
list them by their letter in the contents page give each appendix a heading in the form ‘Appendix A’, ‘Appendix B’, etc.
For example:Line spacingIndents or breaksSet your spacing at 12pt after a line.
5 inches) should be left free of text at the top and bottom of each page. Section headingsThe numbering should be the same as given in your contents page.
Make sure you are consistent in your numbering of headings and sub-headings. Remember: There may be some variation in your department’s requirements.
For example: some departments may want you to indent as well as leaving a line space. Check with your supervisor or your department’s guidelines.
PresentationTry and follow the presentation points below:Use white A4 paper of a reasonable thickness (not too thin and not thick like card)Single sided (print on one side of the paper only)Bind and cover your paper – plastic comb binding is the most common wayuse the standard Solent University front and back cover that has window in the front to show the assignment detailsLook at the example title page above. It has the dissertation details in the correct place to appear through the cover window.
Remember:If your dissertation is in any way different to the normal format (as, for example, some design dissertations may be), consult your supervisor for correct presentation. If you check your work electronically using turnitin, add an electronic cover sheet to your assignment.
Get a copy of this from your Unit page, or visit Online Submission using Turnitin. The final submission of your dissertation will not normally be done online using Turnitin.
BindingProfessional bindingFor advice and guidance, email the university's Print Centre at @ or visit the collection desk, on the lower floor of Mountbatten Library. Online orders including posters, dissertations and a wide range of printing, finishing and binding options can also be placed using this Canon Print Centre link.
What type of binding should you use?First of all, check the expectations of your department.
How important do you view this paper you are handing in? If it’s really important, then surely it’s worth the cost of having it professionally bound Your dissertation proposal should also include the aims and objectives of your research. Be sure to state what your research hopes to achieve, and what outcomes you predict. You may also need to clearly state what your main research objectives are, in other words, how you plan to obtain those achievements and .
No matter how well bound your dissertation is, the content is the most vital part. Submitting your dissertationDissertations are normally exempt from online submission using Turnitin.
However, it is a valuable tool for checking your work prior to the hand in date. Your tutor will need to have set up a turnitin link on your course page to do this.
You can get more information on online submission elsewhere in the Successful Study Guide. Dissertation proposals & dissertation checklistFront cover:What is required? If in doubt check with your faculty but as a minimum you should include:Your nameHave you checked the word count?Have you checked the layout? (Does your faculty have any specific requirements e.
numbered sections/paragraphs?)Remember:When submitting any written work online via turnitin you need to add an electronic cover sheet to your assignment.
You can get a copy of this from your Unit page, or visit Successful Online Submission. Avoiding plagiarismPlagiarism is taking the words, theories, creations or ideas of another person and passing them off as your own.
deliberate – copying a passage from a book or journal or pasting something from the internet into an assignment without referencing the original source. You can also commit inadvertent plagiarism which is where you unintentionally repeat some of the information you have read in the course of your research.
You must ensure you do reference ALL material that comes from another source so question yourself as to whether you have read the information elsewhere and go back to your sources to locate the reference. Plagiarism can also result from not referencing correctly.
You must ensure you know how to reference your work using the style advised by your tutor. Watch this video to find out more about avoiding plagiarism:ConsequencesPlagiarism is a serious issue that can result in failing an assignment, failing the year or even having to leave the course.
All forms of plagiarism will be taken seriously - deliberate or not!Plagiarism is a form of academic misconduct. Southampton Solent University has clear guidelines on student academic conduct and procedures for dealing with academic misconduct.
Make sure you are familiar with these by looking at the links on this webpage:To avoid plagiarism, make sure you include references within your assignment to all sources you use and then include full details of all the sources in a reference list at the end of your work. To find out more, download the Avoiding plagiarism summary below.
Test your understanding of what plagiarism is by clicking on the links below.