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The 20 Best College Summer Programs for Gifted Students The 20 Best College Summer Programs for Gifted Students According to the National Association for Gifted Children, “Gifted individuals are those who demonstrate outstanding levels of aptitude (defined as an exceptional ability to reason and learn) or competence (documented performance or achievement in top 10% or rarer) in one or more domains.Domains include any structured area of activity with its own symbol system (e.

, mathematics, music, language) and/or set of sensorimotor skills (e The following academic programs are currently accredited by the Council on Accreditation of Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Related Professions.   associations and their value within the field of Parks and Recreation Management by completing a professional association review and an association website review.., mathematics, music, language) and/or set of sensorimotor skills (e.

” There are families across the nation who have children who fall into this category, and summer can be a challenging time – there are, however, colleges who make summer a time for these gifted individuals to grow, learn and be challenged in unique ways.

We have combed the nation to find some of the top summer programs for gifted students hosted at some of the top universities America has to offer Need to buy a research paper recreation management Academic Oxford Rewriting American.We have combed the nation to find some of the top summer programs for gifted students hosted at some of the top universities America has to offer.The following list was chosen based on these criteria: • Catered towards gifted individuals • Offers college credit 20.College of William and Mary Photo Credit: Steve Heap Located in the historic town of Williamsburg, Virginia, William & Mary is unlike any other university in America.The second oldest college in the nation, a cutting-edge research university, and a “Public Ivy,” William and Mary offers a world-class education at an exceptional value.

There are over 6,300 undergraduates and 2,100 graduate students from 49 states and 68 foreign countries at William and Mary.

Eighty-one percent of freshman who are ranked graduated in the top ten percent of their class, and William and Mary students are known to earn doctorates at a higher rate than any other public university in the nation.Additionally, more than 45 percent of students study abroad at some point in their undergraduate careers.There is no doubt that William and Mary is an excellent university, historically, academically, and through the opportunities offered William and Mary students.Through a partnership between the College of William and Mary and the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, the National Institute of American History and Democracy began in 2001 – 2002.The purpose of the institute is to provide interdisciplinary programs that instruct students in early American history, material culture, museum studies, and public history.

Students from the United States, Europe, South America, the Caribbean, and Asia have attended the program.These rising high school students earn four hours of college credit for an in-depth study of American history.The courses are taught on site at the numerous historic locations in eastern Virginia.More than 1,270 students have attended the program thus far.High school students may attend who are rising juniors, rising seniors, and graduating seniors.

Instructors use archaeology sites, surviving period structures, historic landscapes, battlefields, and a series of museums to guide students in a search for the American past.Students will take one course, History 216, and may choose from the topic From the Founding of Jamestown through the American Revolution, or From the American Revolution through the American Civil War.You can learn more about the College of William & Mary summer programs here.University of Delaware “Scientia Sol Mentis Est – Knowledge is the Light of the Mind.

” With seven colleges, three schools, and a history tracing back to 1743 the University of Delaware has a lot to offer.Located in the state where George Washington saved the Continental Army, and perhaps the entire Revolutionary movement with his daring Christmas crossing at Trenton, the University of Delaware has provides deep roots to those interested in pursuing knowledge.In fact, the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Learning has ranked UD as a top research school.With 22,000 students, 4,300 employees, and a globally connected mission and programs (UD was the first school in the U.to offer study abroad programs), the University’s academic and cultural life is alive and well.Some programs of note at the school are engineering, science, business, education, history, chemical and biomolecular engineers, and urban affairs and public policy.Interestingly, UD is one of only four schools to offer a major in art conservation.At the University of Delaware rising sophomore and juniors have had the exciting opportunity to study, contemplate, and take in all that college life has to offer for over 30 years.The Edge Program lasts four weeks, from mid-July to mid-August and costs $4500 for residents, $6900 for non-residents with available financial aid.

Participants live together in a state-of-the-art residence hall on UD’s beautiful campus and have access to all the resources college students do.Students take two courses, taught by faculty, thus start college a leg up with up to seven transferable credits.In addition to a great choice in core classes, such as Entrepreneurship, Architecture, and Biology, the Edge Scholar Workshop prepares students with writing, research, and college application skills.Another advantage that Edge offers are visits nearby to historical and cultural sites such as New Jersey Historical Society, Branch Brook Park, Newark Museum, Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart, or the Newark Symphony Hall to name a few.You can learn more about the University of Delaware summer programs here.

University of Dallas Dubbed as the Catholic University for independent thinkers, the University of Dallas in Irving, Texas delivers.With 63 National Merit Scholars currently attending, and 39 alumni as Fulbright Award winners, UD is a place to study, learn, and grow in faith and reason.The University was founded and developed by various religious orders and currently has about 3,000 students.One of the most popular and well-known facets of a UD education is their emphasis on great books, reading, writing, and contemplation.

This, along with their Undergraduate Rome Program, which celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2010, gives all students the chance to study for one semester on the UD Rome Campus, taking in the sites, culture, and attending Mass at the Vatican.UD has four major colleges: the Braniff Graduate School of Liberal Arts, the Constantin College of Liberal Arts, the Satish & Yasmin Gupta College of Business and the School of Ministry.Faithful Catholics find UD a place to thrive and grow in knowledge and virtue.Students who choose to enroll in the High School Summer Program at UD are in for an adventure.Two basic options are either to study abroad or on the main campus in Texas.

The Study Abroad Program has three choices: Shakespeare in Italy, Latin in Rome, Rome and the Catholic Church.The programs last about three weeks is for college credit and involves intense reading, small group discussions, travel, and classes taught by University of Dallas faculty.Students who complete the program are eligible to receive a $4,000 scholarship to UD.All three study abroad programs are held on the gorgeous Rome Campus, about 15 miles from the center of Rome on the western slopes of the Alban Hills.Less than two miles away is the town of Castel Gandolfo, the majestic palace that serves as the Pope’s summer residence.

Should students choose a Texas program, either the two-week, college credit Arete: An Introduction to the Classics or Arete: American Studies, or the five-day (not for credit) Summer Music Academy, they will reap the rewards.You can learn more about the University of Dallas summer programs here.University of Iowa With just over 31,000 students, the University of Iowa is one of the nation’s top public research universities, a member of the Big Ten conference since 1899, and an Association of American Universities member since 1909.

The University is home to one of the nation’s largest academic medical centers and Iowa City, where the UI is located, is known as one of the country’s most livable communities.

There are 12 colleges at the University that offer over 200 majors, minors, and certificate programs.This public research university is the largest institute of higher learning in the state of Iowa, and receives $565.2 million in total external funding, with 2,240 grants and contracts awarded, and 27 percent of Iowa undergraduates participating in some form of research.Not only is the University of Iowa conducting extensive research that has a significant impact on Iowa’s economy, this academic powerhouse is home to the state’s largest library system.Every summer, high school students have the opportunity to conduct research at the University of Iowa through a five and a half week residential summer research program.

The Secondary Student Training Program (SSTP) allows students to conduct research in a university research group under the guidance of a faculty mentor.Students produce a research poster and paper as part of the program.Not only are students provided the opportunity to conduct valuable research with world-class researchers, they gain life-experience as well.Students are housed in a residence hall and can participate in a variety of cultural and recreational activities including dances, picnics, social events, special seminars, and off-campus field trips.This unique summer program offers gifted high school students a once in a lifetime opportunity that will greatly impact their future college experience.

You can learn more about the University of Iowa summer programs here.University of Maryland After 428 acres had been purchased for $20,000, Maryland Agricultural College was founded in 1859.From pre-Civil War times to our modern global world, the University of Maryland has offered an excellent education and adapted to meet the needs of students, country, and the world.With accomplished faculty, a broad range of academic disciplines and offerings, and leading research, the University thrives.

UM is one of 62 members of leading research universities in America and Canada in the Association of American Universities.“As a land-grant institution, the University shares its research, educational, cultural, and technological strengths with the Maryland citizenry and other constituencies.” Owing to a fantastic location four miles from our nation’s capital, UM provides tremendous opportunities to its students with a unique relationship to the government.As the flagship of the University System of Maryland, UM is the largest with 38,000 students and very well endowed.As for academic programs, UM is diverse and high quality with a unique summer offering.

The TERP Young Scholars program runs from July 10-29 this summer and is open to all rising high school students who meet the criteria.The three-week program challenges students with creative problem solving, exceptional faculty, a stimulating, collegial experience, and powerful peer networking.The location at UM greatly assists in the educational mission by providing access to UM’s facilities as well as the nearby Smithsonian Institute, Library of Congress, and National Archives.A glimpse into the program looks like this: A three-credit UM course is chosen among many great options such as Engineering Design, Environmental Biology, American Gov’t, Economics, Kinesiology, and more.Classes meet Monday through Friday and every weekday, evening, and weekend are filled with field trips, guest speakers, workshops, and other social and academic opportunities.

Many testimonials convey the experience well worth it and provided students powerful tools to decide and pursue academic and career interests.You can learn more about the Univeristy of Maryland summer programs here.Marist College Along the lines of Harvard and the College of William and Mary, Marist started as a seminary and has become a powerful institution of higher learning for a diverse 4,500 students.Offering 56 undergraduate and graduate degrees with 26 student sites around the country and a branch in Florence, Italy, it goes without saying Marist is ranked high in many categories by many organizations.

Marist was founded in 1929 by Catholic Marist Brothers, an International Religious Institute involved in education.The humble origins steadily grew and expanded, especially after 1979 when the campus was expanded, new construction ensued, and old buildings were renovated.In 2004, a master plan was established and created one of the most beautiful campuses in the country with bike trails, green spaces, walking trails, aesthetically pleasing buildings, and state-of-the-art facilities and technologies.The facilities and superb technology equip Marist students to solve 21st-century problems with 21st-century tools.The Summer Institutes at Marist College are unforgettable.

Talented (current) sophomores and juniors who are accepted choose a two or four-week program at Marist or in Florence, Italy.Tagged as a pre-college program, students choose an institute their interested in, such as “Game Design Institute” or “Sports Communication Institute.” They attend courses taught by great faculty, live in dorms, are given access to Marist’s outstanding facilities and technology, and are provided extra-curricular outings and opportunities to learn, grow, and develop with other talented peers as well.The well-rounded experience is enhanced by the gorgeous Hudson River valley campus at Marist or in Florence, Italy, the birthplace of the Renaissance.According to the program chosen, three or six college credits can be earned.

A notable strength of the Summer Institutes at Marist is the choices for rising students as the contemplate their own passion and possible career choices: Business, Criminal Justice, Theatre, Game Design, Environment Science, History, Pre-Law, Sports Communication, and more.You can learn more about the Marist College summer programs here.Columbia College – Chicago Many successful people have been trained at Columbia College, Chicago.Founded in 1890, Columbia is a private and independent school focused on media and arts.

It is located in the South Loop district of Chicago and has a unique campus.The School owns 16 galleries, studios, administrative, residence halls and other buildings, as well as leases many that make up the campus.Columbia is academically rigorous and promotes itself as being hands-on while dedicated to taking creative risks.

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The school serves 9500 students and offers 80 degrees.

It is also host to other cultural, educational and research organizations such as the Center for Black Music Research, the Center for Book and Paper Arts, and the and the Museum of Contemporary Photography, to name a few.

In addition to fueling cultural arts in Chicago, the School also offers a five-week term in Hollywood for upper-level students We have combed the nation to find some of the top summer programs for gifted students hosted at some of the top universities America has to offer.   Not only is the University of Iowa conducting extensive research that has a significant impact on Iowa's economy, this academic powerhouse is home to the state's largest  .In addition to fueling cultural arts in Chicago, the School also offers a five-week term in Hollywood for upper-level students.

Albert Einstein said, “Creativity is intelligence having fun.” Creativity, intelligence, rigor, arts, college credit and a bright future merge at the High School Summer Institute at Columbia College of Chicago.HSSI is an intense three-week precollege program for students who have completed their sophomore, junior or senior year of high school.Attendees spend time in academic, cultural, and extracurricular activities with those who share their interests.

Being in Chicago provides enrichment opportunities that could be missed elsewhere: Buckingham Fountain, Museum Campus, Magnificent Mile, and other significant locations.Students who don’t live in Chicago stay in an excellent residence hall with included meals, excursions, and evening and weekend activities.The academics are demanding with three-hour classes and homework.An interesting component of the Program is that it is taught by working artists, sometimes at performance venues (in addition to regular classrooms, labs, and studios).Overall, HSSI is a great place for rising artists, actors, and storytellers to develop their craft through hands-on experience, taught by professionals, and grounded in rigorous liberal arts.

You can learn more about Columbia College summer programs here.University of Pennsylvania Photo Credit: f11photo / Since 1757, the University of Pennsylvania has educated thousands of souls who have contributed to our country and world.Founded by Benjamin Franklin, and located in historic Philadelphia on what is now about 1,000 acres with over 300 buildings, the school has, and continues to be, a leader in education meeting real world needs in real time.Penn is a world class university serving 22,000 students through four undergraduate schools, 12 graduate and professional schools, and many other related programs and centers.

“Penn has a proud tradition…of active pragmatism, articulated in Franklin’s maxim ‘well-done is better than well-said.’” This spirit permeates Penn’s diverse student population from over 100 countries and representing every U.As one of the nine colonial colleges, the School has earned a great reputation as a leader in many fields, but especially in research, with over 850 million spent in 2015 and over 4,300 faculty participating.

Spearheaded and managed by the College of Liberal and Professional Studies (LPS), rising high schoolers can choose from many summer options at the University of Pennsylvania.The Summer Academies offer 9th-11th graders a three-week intensive, academically, and subject focused education.Students take classes, attend outings, seminars, and social events which “fuse sophisticated scientific or social theory with relevant application” through six different research academies: Biomedical, Chemistry, Experimental Physics, Mathematics, Neuroscience, and Social Justice.The Young Scholars Program is for any 10th and 11th grader motivated to take an Ivy League education taught by faculty alongside other college students.This program is difficult and offers the best classes and access to the Penn library and resources with full college credit for those who earn it.

The Pre-College Program is for residents only and similar to the Young Scholars Program.In addition to these three summer options, there are multiple other tremendous opportunities (not through the LPS) for leadership, business, and technology to name a few.You can learn more about the University of Pennsylvania summer programs here.University of California – San Diego The University of California, San Diego is a large, public research institution.

With over 200 degrees, six undergraduate colleges (following the concept of Oxford and Cambridge), five academic divisions, five graduate and professional schools, 34,000 students, and a campus over 2,000 acres, the University provides countless benefits and opportunities for a diverse population.In fact, UCSD is a “Public Ivy” and premier research institution.Originally founded by a marine biologist, the first school was known as Scripps Institute of Oceanography until 1960.Some interesting points of distinction at UCSD are: Geisel Library, which contains the largest collection of the works of Dr.Gordon, one of the largest supercomputers in the world.And the Office of Research Affairs which oversees 20 multi-disciplinary units and an annual $1 billion for research.In sum, it is clear that UCSD deserves the recognition as a top public university in rigor and research in the United States and world.“It has never been more important to spark the imaginations of our students—to prepare them for a future world we can’t even imagine.” At University of California, San Diego, Academic Connections is for high achieving students to collaborate with and learn from college faculty in college classes and hands-on labs, but more than that, it is the experiences that helps connect young people, spark imaginations, and form networks necessary to excel in our globalized world that makes such a difference.

A unique aspect of this program is the different location options: Hawaii, Arizona, New Mexico, Washington D.Programs are either one or three weeks and students can focus on their interests: Marine Biology, Journalism, Political Science, Engineering, Creative Writing, or Economics, to name a few.Students take five hours of classes a day, participate in laboratories, engage in supervised filed trips, and attend social events such as a Padres game, Sea World, Balboa Park and the La Jolla Shores and Birch Aquarium.

You can learn more about the University of California – San Diego summer programs here.Saint Louis University Located in the historic city of St.Louis, Missouri, just five minutes away from the Gateway Arch on the Mississippi Riverfront, Saint Louis University is home to more than 8,200 undergraduates and 4,600 graduate students from all 50 states and 77 countries.

This private, Midwestern research university offers more than 90 undergraduate programs and nearly 100 graduate programs.

Saint Louis University was founded in 1818 by the Most Reverend Louis Guillaume Valentin Dubourg and is the oldest university west of the Mississippi River, and the second-oldest Jesuit University in the nation.The student-faculty ratio is 11-1, and the average class size is 25 students.For over 30 years the university has maintained a campus in Madrid, Spain.The Madrid campus was the first freestanding campus operated by an American university in Europe and the first American institution to be recognized by Spain’s higher During the summer, Saint Louis University’s Visiting Young Scholars Program provides the opportunity for a select group of high school students to begin their college experience in regular lower division Saint Louis University classes on the SLU campus, prior to high school graduation.This program bridges the gap between high school honors courses and full-time college student status while providing participating students the opportunity of advancing academically before entering SLU as full-time students.

Students will receive college credit through the Young Scholars Program.This exceptional program is only available to students with a 3.5 GPA or above, as it is designed to support high-achieving high school students in the continuing academic, social, and psychological growth the college experience provides.At the end of the program, students will have a Saint Louis University transcript and a sample of what the college experience is like.You can learn more about the Saint Louis University summer programs here.

University of Nevada – Reno Founded in 1874, the University of Nevada, Reno is a public research university that includes 16 clinical departments and five nationally recognized basic science departments.The School was originally located in Elko, Nevada, about 300 miles northeast of its present-day campus.Nearly half of the state’s residents lived in the Reno-Carson City area, rendering the Elko location impractical, so the school was moved to its present location in 1885.The University of Nevada, Reno is home to the University of Nevada School of Medicine and is the highest ranking university in the state of Nevada.

Due to its prime location in the Nevada desert, it is home to a large-scale laboratory in the College of Engineering, which has put Nevada researchers at the forefront in civil engineering, earthquake, and large-scale structure testing and modeling.It is also home to one of the most powerful terawatt-class high-intensity laser systems on any college campus in the country.Every summer, the University of Nevada, Reno hosts the THINK Summer Institute, where gifted students who are interested in a challenging academic summer programs can earn college credits while having the experience of a lifetime.The Davidson THINK Summer Institute is open to 13- to 16-year old students; all courses are taught by university faculty.Participants choose two courses, one taken in the morning and the other in the afternoon.

The purpose of THINK is to provide a challenging academic experience while having fun and developing socially.Group games and outside activities are planned for the evenings, along with weekend field trips to local attractions, including picturesque Lake Tahoe, Squaw Valley Olympic Village and historic Virginia City.Of note is that there is available financial assistance.There is no doubt that the THINK Summer Institute is one of the best summer programs for gifted students in the nation.You can learn morea bout the University of Nevado-Reno’s summer programs here.

New York University Photo Credit: littleny / New York University has been living Edgar Degas’ quotation: “Art is not what you see but what you make others see” for almost 200 years.New York University’s “mission is to be a top quality international center of scholarship, teaching, and research which seeks to take academic and cultural advantage of its location.” This aim is accomplished for over 40,000 students spread out over New York City, Abu Dhabi, and Shanghai, and sites in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North and South America.Energy and creativity come with New York City and form an atmosphere at the University that fuels a circle of creativity between the City and the University.

Imagine the advantages of having all the historic, financial, and artistic areas of NYC for a young person rising in the world.Out of the 3,000 plus schools of higher learning, NYU is one of only 60 who are members in the Association of American Universities.With many choices, some for credit, some in the States and some international, high schoolers have much to consider with NYU Summer Programs.The six-week Pre-College program for credit has over 30 academic options depending on interest.Cost is a consideration at $5,000-$15,000 depending, but for one of the most challenging and rewarding pre-college programs in the U.

, with all that NYC and NYU offer is certainly worth contemplating.The Tisch School of the Arts is a four-week residential program for credit for aspiring musicians and artists.If a shorter, more cost-effective, non-credit option is desirable the NYU STEP (Science and Technology Entry Program) could be a great choice.Another option is the Urban Journalism Workshop, a 10-day boot camp for writers at no cost.

For young, motivated ladies, the non-credit STEM program is rigorous and rewarding.These and more could be worth exploring for choice, flexibility, and individuality in summer choices in one of the greatest cities in the world.You can learn more about NYU’s summer programs here.Duke University Duke University is a leader in every aspect.

Since 1838 and the humble founding by Methodists and Quakers, Duke has been dedicated to knowledge and the pursuit thereof.The University is now one of the top universities in the world in worth, at about $12 billion, annual research spending now over $1 billion, scholars produced, and accolades of various sorts.It is adorned with Gothic, Georgian, and other aesthetically tasteful styles in four main areas, East, West, Central, and the Medical Center, all totaling about 9,000 acres.

The University is very involved globally from the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore, Duke Kunshan University in China and numerous research and education programs across the globe.

A notable 75 percent of Duke’s diverse 15,000 students pursue service-learning opportunities in Durham and around the world through DukeEngage and other programs.Linus Pauling, famous scientist, and only person to win more than one Nobel Prize said, “Satisfaction of one’s curiosities is one of the greatest sources of happiness in life.” Motivated students can satisfy their curiosity through great summer programs as Duke University.Summer College at Duke is for 10th and 11th graders who are seeking a pre-college education and experience with other outstanding young men and women from around the world.Summer College lasts four weeks and is challenging, providing participants with international networking, difficult classes, and access to all the resources for learning Duke has to offer.

The program is expensive, but fills up quickly and attracts students from far and wide.Another option (non-credit) at Duke is TIP Field Studies.These engaging two-week programs are more subject and discipline focused on hands-on learning at multiple locations around the U.For example; one could explore the Civil Rights Movement where the sit-ins happened in Greensboro or conduct astronomical research in the Appalachian Mountains.

You can learn more about the Duke University summer programs here.University of Chicago Founded in 1890 by philanthropist John D.

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Rockefeller, the University of Chicago is home to over 5,800 undergraduate students and 9,800 graduate students.The University offers 49 majors and 40 minors.

Located in one of the world’s greatest cities in the Hyde Park neighborhood near Lake Michigan, the University of Chicago is invested in the local community Where to get a recreation management research paper 132 pages / 36300 words Standard Academic double spaced.Located in one of the world’s greatest cities in the Hyde Park neighborhood near Lake Michigan, the University of Chicago is invested in the local community.

They are the second-largest private employer in Chicago; the faculty, physicians, and staff compose a dedicated team committed to the mission of the University.The University partners with the South Side neighbors on innovative initiatives with local benefits for urban universities everywhere In fact, from summer camps, to conducting research, to summer travel opportunities, these programs are ways for college students to make extra money, further their   As stated on their website, those who choose a Columbia Summer choose to “enhance academic credentials, advance a career, or explore an interest..The University partners with the South Side neighbors on innovative initiatives with local benefits for urban universities everywhere.Additionally, the University is in partnership with the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, manages the Argonne National Laboratory, and is affiliated with the Marine Biological Laboratory, all locations where world-class research is being conducted In fact, from summer camps, to conducting research, to summer travel opportunities, these programs are ways for college students to make extra money, further their   As stated on their website, those who choose a Columbia Summer choose to “enhance academic credentials, advance a career, or explore an interest..Additionally, the University is in partnership with the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, manages the Argonne National Laboratory, and is affiliated with the Marine Biological Laboratory, all locations where world-class research is being conducted.Opportunities abound for high school students at the University of Chicago.

UChicago Immersion, Stones and Bones, Research in the Biological Sciences, and Traveling Academy are programs whose courses are open only to high school students.These intensive three or four-week courses are taught at the college level and kept small, offering both experiential and seminar-style learning.In addition to engaging in classroom discussions, students use the latest lab equipment, dig for fossils, conduct research in Chicago neighborhoods, or work with some of the city’s celebrated theater professionals, depending on the course selected.Summer Quarter students enroll in courses from the regular curriculum of the University, experience undergraduate life firsthand, participate alongside University College students and visit undergraduates from other schools.Through the Neubauer Family Adelante Summer Scholars, top students engaged in Hispanic and Latino communities participate in University of Chicago Summer Session courses free of charge.

Summer Bridge at the University of Chicago is yet another exciting opportunity for advanced high school students from the Chicago Public School.You can learn more about the University of Chicago summer programs here.Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University is America’s first research university and enrolls more than 21,000 students throughout nine academic divisions.The University offers more than 240 programs in the arts and music, humanities, social and natural sciences, engineering, international studies, education, business, and health professions.

Taking its name from 19th century Maryland philanthropist John Hopkins, the entrepreneur and abolitionist who believed in improving public health and education in the Baltimore area and beyond, the spirit of innovation and progress remain.Hopkins was one of 11 children and made his fortune by investing in emerging industries, particularly the Baltimore and Ohio Railroads.In his will, he set aside $7 million to establish a hospital and affiliated training colleges, an orphanage, and a university.Today, Johns Hopkins University boasts cutting-edge research that has made water purification possible, launched the field of genetic engineering, and authenticated the Dead Sea Scrolls.There is no doubt that the generosity of Mr.

Hopkins has made the world a better place.The Civic Leadership Institute is a collaboration between the Civic Education Project, based at Northwestern University’s Center for Talent Development, and Johns Hopkins University’s Center for Talented Youth.This three-week summer service-learning program is for outstanding high school students completing grades nine through 12.The unique and admirable program combines hands-on education, meaningful service, powerful speakers and seminars, and an unforgettable residential experience for a summer that students describe as “life-changing.” The focus of these programs is to provide rigorous academics and learning, but the social experience is considered integral.

Students meet in class groups where they engage in service projects that address social problems, listen to guest speakers who advise the students on how to create change in their communities, and they develop a plan to address a specific need in their local communities.The Civic Leadership Institute is offered at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, and at the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California.You can learn more about Johns Hopkins summer programs here.Northwestern University Northwestern University is a large, private research university with campuses in Evanston and Chicago, Illinois, and Doha, Qatar.

It has the eighth largest university endowment in the United States at over $10.5 billion, and attracts over $620 million in sponsored research each year, due to its “very high” research activity.The University is homie to more than 90 school-based centers and nearly 50 university research centers.Research conducted spans a spectrum of areas including neuroscience, nanotechnology, biotechnology, and drug discovery, to name a few.

Not only is Northwestern University a hub of cutting-edge research, but students also have the opportunity to choose from more than 100 international opportunities including joint-degree program degrees, medical rotations, externships, and exchanges, placing the university at the forefront of global education.

There are over 5,000 international students, faculty, researchers, visiting scholars, and staff at Northwestern.Northwestern University offers the Center for Talent Development’s Equinox program every summer, which provides rigorous acceleration opportunities for academically gifted and talented students completing grades nine through 12.Studying at a world-class university in challenging courses, participating in recreational activities and social events with friends, and developing the self-confidence and self-directed learning skills crucial to success in college are a central part of the Equinox experience.Programs are available both for students who are residents or commuters.Sessions last one to three weeks and students can apply for one, two or three sessions, depending on the program.

Equinox courses are taught at the high school honors level, the Advanced Placement level, or the college level by master instructors.Each course carries one or two semesters of high school credit upon successful completion.The Equinox program is just one of the extensive summer programs offered through Northwestern University’s Center for Talent and Development.These summer programs for gifted students provide life-changing experiences for kids of all ages, from early childhood through high school.*Due to the excellence of this program, it was included even though they do not offer college credit.

You can learn more about Northwestern University summer programs here.Cornell University Cornell University is a recognized name among universities in the world.Founded in 1865 in Ithaca, NY as a land-grant institution, Cornell has stayed the course in providing an outstanding education always keeping service in mind.The School has over 600 buildings on over 2,000 acres and serves 22,000 students from diverse backgrounds and cultures.

Beside the main campus, Cornell has amazing research facilities dedicated to a practical and theoretical inquiry.Locations include Puerto Rico, Qatar, Appledore Island, Dominican Republic and multiple locations in New York State.There are 14 colleges and schools now at Cornell: seven undergraduate units, four graduate and professional units in Ithaca, two medical units in New York City, one in Doha, Qatar, and the newest school, Cornell Tech in New York City.Currently, Cornell counts about 250,000 living alumni, has 34 Marshall Scholars, 29 Rhodes Scholars, seven Gates Scholars, 50 Nobel laureates, and 14 living billionaires.Ezra Cornell, the founder of Cornell University said the goal was to create “an institution where any person can find instruction in any study.

” Founded in 1957 in the midst of the Space Race, Cornell University Summer College (CUSC) has become a place for over 700 students a year from over 50 countries.Summer College at Cornell is three or six weeks of an Ivy League experience for motivated students.Participants can earn three to six credits while living, studying, and networking with other talented young men and women from over 40 countries.Students work with some of the best faculty in the world, explore majors and possible careers through personalized admissions counseling, attend college fairs and more.For students able to meet the requirements, choices abound within the following fields: Arts, Media, Fashion, Business, Hotel Management, Leadership, Literature, Language, Engineers, Robotics, History, Government, Medicine, Psychology, Veterinary Science, and more.

You can learn more about Cornell University summer programs here.Stanford University Located on 8,180 acres with nearly 700 buildings, Stanford University is pleasantly located in the heart of California’s Silicon Valley.It is one of the world’s leading teaching and research universities, with a $1.22 billion research budget, and over 5,500 externally sponsored research projects.

Although Stanford is a powerhouse in the academic world, their student to faculty ratio is 4:1, ensuring students receive personalized contact and instruction from some of the world’s leading faculty.In fact, there are currently 20 Nobel laureates that are currently members of the Stanford community.There are seven schools that comprise Stanford University: business, earth sciences, education, engineering, humanities and sciences, law, and medicine.Stanford has 18 independent laboratories, centers, and institutes that provide a physical and intellectual intersection between schools and disciplines.These institutes are in line with Stanford’s tradition of crossing boundaries to tackle significant problems, engaging faculty and students in collaborations that range from international and economic studies to challenges facing the environment, energy, and health.

There is no doubt that Stanford is excellent in every way, and it is no wonder that their High School Summer College is one of the leading college-credit bearing programs in the world.During this unique summer program, students interact with peers from across the U.and around the world and have ample opportunity to explore the unique recreational activities available on campus and in the culturally rich San Francisco Bay Area.By embracing a diversity of socioeconomic, cultural, and racial backgrounds, Summer College creates an inclusive community of learning where students are challenged to reach their fullest potential while at Stanford and beyond.

Students can choose among 145 different classes across 30 departments within the University.Students can take up to five courses in the summer, gaining more exposure to the subjects that interest and challenge them.In addition to Stanford’s world-renowned faculty and libraries, Summer College students have access to free tutors in most academic areas, academic skills coaches, and academic advisors.You can learn more about Stanford University summer programs here.Harvard University Known as one of the world’s most prestigious universities, Harvard University was founded in 1636, making it the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.A private research university, Harvard is home to the Harvard Library, which is the world’s largest academic and private library system, comprising 79 individual libraries with over 18 million volumes.The university also operates several arts, cultural, and scientific museums.Not only are these facilities impressive, but Harvard’s alumni is also worth boasting about: alumni include eight U.

presidents, 62 living billionaires, 335 Rhodes Scholars, 242 Marshall Scholars, and several foreign heads of state.Harvard offers 46 undergraduate majors, 134 graduate degrees, and 32 professional degrees; it is primarily known as a highly residential research university.High school students have an incredible opportunity to spend several weeks at this world-class university during the summer through one of Harvard’s Summer Programs.Students may participate in the Pre-College Program, which is a two-week, residential experience that features over 50 noncredit courses designed to give high school students a preview of college academics.Participants will leave the pre-college summer program more capable of thinking critically and communicating confidently—skills that will lead to success at school, in college, and in future careers.

For students who are more academically driven, Harvard offers the Secondary School Program as a “test-drive” of college.Over the course of a seven-week session, students attend college courses for credit alongside current college students, other high school students, and professionals from around the world.There are over 200 courses to choose from, and students will have to balance their time between classes, homework, and extracurricular activities.Summer Programs at Harvard provide high school students with the opportunity to expand their worldview, meet new people from all over the globe, test-drive potential majors, gain valuable knowledge and skills, and explore Boston amid a community of supportive peers and advisors.You can learn more about Harvard University summer programs here.

Brown University Located in Providence, Rhode Island and founded in 1764, Brown University is the seventh-oldest college in the United States.Brown is an independent, coeducational Ivy League institution comprising undergraduate and graduate programs.Brown’s dynamic community consists of about 6,200 undergraduates, 2,000 graduate students, 490 medical school students, more than 5,000 summer, visiting, and online students, and over 700 faculty members.Brown students come from all 50 states and more than 115 countries.

Undergraduates pursue bachelor’s degrees in more than 70 concentrations, ranging from Egyptology to cognitive neuroscience.Brown University has 51 doctoral programs and 28 master’s programs, from interdisciplinary opportunities in molecular pharmacology and physiology to a master’s program in acting and directing through the Brown/Trinity Repertory Consortium.Brown is known for its global reach, many cultural events, numerous campus groups and activities, active community service programs, highly competitive athletics, and beautiful facilities located in a richly historic urban setting.Talented high school students from around the world choose Brown University Pre-College Programs to prepare for success and experience the challenge of college-level academics.Throughout the summer, Brown offers multiple sessions one to seven weeks in length, and more than 300 courses to choose from either on campus, online, and abroad.

email protected courses represent a broad range of Brown University’s open liberal arts curriculum.

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Students live and learn on Brown’s gorgeous Ivy League campus and can choose from nearly 200 non-credit courses.While in class, students can fully immerse themselves in subjects they love, and discover the satisfying challenge of college-level academics.Outside of class, students participate in a full program of events and activities and experience the independence of college life with fellow students and new friends from around the world College Students Internet Use Pew Internet.Outside of class, students participate in a full program of events and activities and experience the independence of college life with fellow students and new friends from around the world.

There are a plethora of opportunities to choose from, placing Brown University as one of the best, most diverse summer programs.

You can learn more about Brown University summer programs here 15 Sep 2002 - research. Yahoo!, Napster and many other Internet tools were created by college students, and, while the vast majority of college students are simply Internet users, as a   Juniors. 80%. Seniors. 76%. Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project College Students Survey, n=1032. Margin of error is ±3.5%..You can learn more about Brown University summer programs here.The 50 Best College Summer Programs Summer is a time of freedom and hope, where students pause from the daily grind of studying to enjoy the sunshine and some carefree merrymaking – but summer can also be a difficult time for college students with the bottom line looming and jobs sometimes scarce in a flooded marked 15 Sep 2002 - research. Yahoo!, Napster and many other Internet tools were created by college students, and, while the vast majority of college students are simply Internet users, as a   Juniors. 80%. Seniors. 76%. Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project College Students Survey, n=1032. Margin of error is ±3.5%..The 50 Best College Summer Programs Summer is a time of freedom and hope, where students pause from the daily grind of studying to enjoy the sunshine and some carefree merrymaking – but summer can also be a difficult time for college students with the bottom line looming and jobs sometimes scarce in a flooded marked.What can college students do during the long summer days? There’s summer classes, but many students desire a break from the studies during the days of sunshine and warmth xlphp.org/research-paper/where-to-buy-custom-recreation-management-research-paper-formatting-single-spaced-asa.What can college students do during the long summer days? There’s summer classes, but many students desire a break from the studies during the days of sunshine and warmth.We have scoured the nation and found some of the most interesting and unique summer opportunities available, and many combine all the elements that make for a great summer break without the thought of falling behind xlphp.org/research-paper/where-to-buy-custom-recreation-management-research-paper-formatting-single-spaced-asa.We have scoured the nation and found some of the most interesting and unique summer opportunities available, and many combine all the elements that make for a great summer break without the thought of falling behind.In fact, from summer camps, to conducting research, to summer travel opportunities, these programs are ways for college students to make extra money, further their career, serve the community, and grow as individuals.

The schools were selected if their summer programs met the following criteria: The program is for current undergraduates, unique and interesting – not just summer classes, and at least four weeks.Colleges were ranked based on the following: • Amount of stipend or money received – 30% • Accommodations, meals, and supplies – 30 % • Diversity and uniqueness of program(s) – 30% • Number of students who can participate in the program – 10% 50.Benedictine University Students at Benedictine University have the opportunity to join the Natural Science Summer Research Program (NSSRP), which is a 10-week program where they will work one-on-one with College of Science faculty on scientific research projects.Ongoing research projects include Educational Robots in Computer Science, Quantum Information Systems, The China Pollination Project, “Using the Shingles Vaccine to Stop the Spread of Chickenpox,” and many others.Research students will work with faculty members who are heading up these projects to further their research, as well as attend a weekly lunch seminar where students will present their findings to faculty and peers.

Later, the students will present their findings at local, regional, and even some national conferences.The expectations for participating students are high, but there is no doubt that the NSSRP is an excellent opportunity for Benedictine students to further their scientific education.John Brown University John Brown University was founded in1919 and now has over 2,700 students from 39 nations and 42 states; JBU is a Christian university committed to “providing quality academics within a distinctly Christian community.” There are several summer study programs that are essentially study abroad programs.

They run from four to six weeks (though the European Art Studies was two weeks) and students earn between six and nine hours of college credit.Some programs offer major-specific credits, while others offer both core and elective credits.Important to consider is the costs, which vary and are certainly not inexpensive.That being said, the experiences of many students who have participated in this type of program relate it being worthwhile.Undergraduate program choices include China Studies, geared towards business majors, German, Italian, and Irish Studies for any major, and the Jordan Studies Program featuring an archaeological excavation in Jordan uncovering the ancient city of Abila of the Decapolis.

There are four Graduate program options: China, Brazil, and Guatemala all designed for students studying business, and the Guatemala Counseling Practicum.LeTourneau University Nestled in Longview, Texas on 162-acres surrounded pine trees and lakes in East Texas is LeTourneau University.LeTourneau is a private, Christian school offering more than 80 programs to about 3,000 students.

The University offers a unique summer research program for students interested in biotechnology.

Two undergraduates will be selected to work with Dr.Seung Kim who has been working on biosensors that can test multiple diseases.The program is sponsored by a grant through the National Science Foundation.Participants “will also be exposed to basic microfabrication processes, optics, biosensors, biomaterials, and inspection tools such as an optical microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) which are not easily accessible in regular classes.” Though this opportunity may only be for a few, this kind of research at a Christian school might be the perfect fit.

Baylor University Baylor University “provides a vibrant campus community for more than 16,000 students by blending interdisciplinary research with an international reputation for educational excellence.” This private Christian school is well known and established, so reporting on the Baylor University Summer Science Research Program (BUSSRP) comes as no surprise.The program lasts five weeks and its purpose is “to give superior students hands-on research experience by working on research projects with Baylor University science professors in many disciplines.” Students are selected from incoming Baylor freshmen and they can earn one full hour of credit.

More than that, however, are the benefits of experience in the operation of instruments and interpretation of data obtained by techniques not usually available through high school laboratories, participation in science and technology seminars, and group recreational and social activities, and networking with other great students and faculty.Thomas Jefferson University Students who have completed their junior year may apply for a Jefferson College of Biomedical Sciences summer research position.These positions provide opportunities for undergraduates to work in laboratories alongside active faculty researchers.This 10-week program is tailored for students who are interested in pursuing graduate studies in biomedical sciences.

Students will be provided a stipend as well as an allowance for campus housing.In order to apply, students must provide two letters of recommendation as well as a copy of their official transcripts.The mission of the Jefferson College of Biomedical Sciences is to “provide the highest quality graduate and postdoctoral education and research training in the basic biomedical sciences, in order to prepare students and fellows to make significant contributions to the progress of biomedical science through careers including academia, industry, and government.” There is no doubt that this summer research opportunity aides the university in reaching this mission.University of California – Berkeley The University of California Berkeley offers a unique six-week summer program, known as the Summer Institute of Environmental Design.The program consists of three introductory programs in architecture, landscape architecture, and sustainable city planning, designed to give students the opportunity to test their enthusiasm for environmental design.Andrew Piotrowski, a former participant in the program said, “The summer I spent at Berkeley was a perfect beginning to my career and academic pursuits in architecture.Not only was the program fun and engaging, but it was extremely motivating.My section teacher played a huge role in motivating and inspiring me.

His constant energy and positive attitude were contagious in the studio and had a big impact on the level of my work.” These programs are open to senior-level undergraduates as well as post-baccalaureate students.Columbia University Columbia University has much to offer with “Columbia Summer.” As stated on their website, those who choose a Columbia Summer choose to “enhance academic credentials, advance a career, or explore an interest.

” Besides traditional summer courses, of which there are many, students can earn certificates in business, international relations, human rights, or in UN studies in just six weeks.Multi-term programs include: Biotechnology, Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, and Quantitative Studies for Finance.Another option for those interested in improving business skills is Columbia’s School of Professional Studies is a six-week program called Business Edge.This program incorporates project-based study, career-oriented workshops and guest lectures in accounting, management and leadership, marketing, and finance.Reed College Reed College has a Summer Experience Award that is offered specifically to students who are on an F–1 visa or have other citizenship-related work restrictions.This distinctive program exists to help international students with off-campus experiences that would regularly be unattainable due to citizenship and work restrictions.Students who participate in this program complete an unpaid summer internship focused on an area that complements their academic studies.Since regulations prevent them from being paid, Reed College offers them a stipend to cover expenses.Not only do the students gain valuable experience, it provides them with something to do during the summer should returning home not be something the student desires or is able to do.

The internship must be considered voluntary to qualify for the program.Reed College is a private, liberal arts college located in Portland, Oregon.Oregon Health Science University Founded in 1887, Oregon Health and Sciences University is truly a “world-class academic health center where healing, teaching and discovery come together every day to improve the health of people in Oregon — and around the world.” For students interested in a career in medicine and research, OHSU ought to be considered.

Situated in beautiful Portland Oregon, this nationally recognized institution serves 300,000 patients and the University trains about 3,000 students.Spending $376 million a year on research sheds light on the purpose of most of their summer programs.There are many choices at OHSU and the following are a few selections: The CDB Summer Internship Program is for qualified college undergraduates to consider basic science research-related careers.Women and minorities, as well as sophomores and juniors interested in the biomedical sciences can apply for the eight week, paid summer program called the Equity Summer Research Program.

The Murdock Undergraduate Collaborate Research Program is designed for students in their junior year from local colleges who are interested in pursuing a career in biomedical research.

And lastly is the Oregon National Primate Research Center Summer Fellowship in which selected applicants will work as part of a research team in an established laboratory alongside a staff member whose research interests complement the student’s own.Barnard College Barnard College is a private women’s liberal arts college located in the Upper West Side of Manhattan that is associated with Columbia University.Founded in 1889 with a rigorous liberal arts tradition and strong values, it now serves about 2,400 young women.The reputation of excellent academics holds true in every aspect of life at Barnard, including their summer programs.

The Summer Research Institute (SRI) is a 10-week program where students conduct scientific research, engage in academic and skill-building experiences, and attend lectures, social events and a capstone poster event at the summer’s end.Students accepted into the SRI typically receive a stipend and the option to live in Barnard’s subsidized summer housing.The process for students getting involved (not all students are accepted) in the SRI is three-fold: secure a mentor on the faculty, follow instructions in one’s current major (Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Neuroscience and Behavior, Physics and Astronomy, or Psychology), and begin working with a mentor to secure funding.College of the Ozarks The unique summer program, called the Summer Work Program, at the College of the Ozarks is part of their overall vision to make college more affordable.

This laudable vision extends through the whole academic year and into the summer.What college student now or considering it doesn’t want a more affordable option? The glory of the College’s idea isn’t just nickels and dimes, students learn hard work, gain helpful work experience, and a feeling of service and ownership that comes with accomplishing meaningful work.The Work Program during the year applies to make the tuition about $4200 dollars less! This is done in over 80 different areas of work on campus.In addition to this, students who participate in the Summer Work Program can work for 40 hours a week for either six weeks or 12 weeks, which in turn will cover a semester or a full year of room and board respectively.Houghton College Houghton College is a Christian liberal arts school established in 1883.The school is small, with 1,000 students, though an emphasis on academic achievement is apparent.The Houghton College Summer Research Institute is a great opportunity for science-minded individuals.The program features collaborative research projects in physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics and computer science and is faculty-led.The Summer Institute webpage identifies summer research in “…nuclear physics at Ohio University and SUNY Geneseo, developing diagnostic tools for the inertial confinement fusion programs at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE), on nanotechnology research at the Cornell Center for Materials Research at Cornell University, and on developing methods to improve the accuracy and efficiency of turbulent airflow predictions.

Joseph University In 1994, the Department of Biology at St.Joseph University received a grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Research Institute for a formal program that included weekly meetings and various social and educational activities.Today it has become the Summer Scholars Program, which provides students with a stipend, potential on-campus housing, and the opportunity to engage in a variety of social and educational events during the program period.

Overall, the Summer Scholars Program is designed for St.Joseph University undergraduates to engage in faculty-mentored research, creative writing, the fine and performing arts, and other scholarly endeavors during the summer months.Students will work with a faculty member to create a project that is creative and largely independent; the project will allow the students to experience the process of scholarly exploration and development.The one goal of the program is the development of close professional interaction between Summer Scholars and faculty members, who will meet frequently throughout the course of the program to discuss student progress.Point Loma Nazarene University The Summer Programs at Point Loma Nazarene University are essentially study abroad meets collaborative learning experience.There are many different options for students at PLNU, though not all meet our criteria of at least four weeks.There’s not enough space to list all the programs PLNU offers in this medium, but here are a two.The PLNU Ghana Business Program is a four week collaborative learning experience in Akatsi, Ghana in which students study international development in the heart of West Africa with the Human Factor Leadership Academy (HFLA).They teach primary school children, learn about development issues in Ghana, and travel on local excursions to places such as the Castles of Ghana, Kakum National Park, and Wlui Water Falls.

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The PLNU Ghana Nursing Program was designed especially for PLNU Nursing students.Along with taking a PLNU Nursing class, students will spend each week engaging in community health promotion through mobile outreach in local communities with the Rural Health Collaborative.To gain an idea of the cost, these programs start at $4000 dollars plus airfare Emory University in Atlanta, GA offers a small liberal arts college environment within a major research university. The idyllic, tree-lined setting in the heart of a major metropolitan city is a perfect place for college-bound high school juniors and seniors to explore dozens of subjects and get a glimpse of academic and  .To gain an idea of the cost, these programs start at $4000 dollars plus airfare.

All in all, if the price is not prohibitive, the wisdom gained will be priceless.Messiah College At Messiah College, undergraduates have great research opportunities.Students have the choice to do summer research on campus through an independent study arrangement or off-campus research sponsored by the National Science Foundation.The independent research is geared to chemistry or biochemistry majors and three credits of research counts towards the elective credit required xlphp.org/term-paper/how-to-purchase-a-college-ethnicity-term-paper-8-pages-2200-words-high-school-mla-for-me.The independent research is geared to chemistry or biochemistry majors and three credits of research counts towards the elective credit required.On the school’s website, there are many examples of previous research.To mention two past projects, one chemistry major worked on a “Synthesis of 4-hydroxy-6-phenylmethylpyrone – A step toward the synthesis of Aspernigrin A… which is a natural product that shows potential for cytotoxicity against cancer cells.

Schaeffer to “synthesize and characterize substituted barium apatite phases, and investigate reaction mechanisms for their formation.” The major application of the project was to form stable barium phases to remediate surface water contaminated with barium.In addition to the independent studies summer research, undergraduates have many more options through the Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program which is funded by the National Science Foundation.

Regis University Through courses developed and led by Regis College faculty members, the world is an open door to Regis students with Immersive Travel Learning Opportunities.Students will satisfy core and major requirements as they immerse themselves in locations and settings most relevant to their studies.These faculty-led short-term travel learning courses provide students with the chance to bring course content to life.Most of the Immersive Travel Learning Opportunities are in international locations, however, some are found in locations across the United States.Each program is slightly different, offering different blends of on-site instruction with on-campus classes, while some offer classes during the regular school year term, with travel during the summer.

Regardless of what program is chosen, students will find these Immersive Learning Opportunities incredibly rewarding and life-changing.Francis University Every summer, a federal TRIO Program funded through the U.Department of Education offers the Upward Bound Program at St.This dynamic program has prepared over 2,500 disadvantage high school students for postsecondary education.Free to high school participants, the program offers a wide variety of academic, career, cultural, and social development activities for high school students who come from low income families and those who will potentially be a first-generation college student.Francis University have the opportunity to work and serve at the Upward Bound Program during the summer tutoring, counseling, and supervising these high schools students as well as providing recreational activities.Francis students who are interested in serving and working with high school students will greatly benefit from this summer opportunity.Viterbo University The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program (SURF) at Viterbo University offers students a valuable eight-week, student-faculty collaborative research program.Students will develop and implement a research plan, analyze their data, participate in a scholarly community, and create written and oral presentations of their results.Following their summer of research, each student will present their work at the annual Seven Rivers Undergraduate Research Symposium in November; many students go on to present their work at other regional and national meetings.The Seven Rivers Undergraduate Research Symposium is held annually at Viterbo University where students from institutions throughout the Midwest share their research work.In 2015, over 280 people attended the presentations given by 131 students from institutions throughout the Midwest.

Approximately 40-45 students participate in SURF each summer.Augusta University Students pursuing careers in the medical and dental field may find Augusta University a great fit.Augusta is one of only four public comprehensive research institutions in the state of Georgia.It includes nine colleges and schools with about 9,000 students, and houses the nations night-largest and 13th-oldest medical school, making AU a premier place for those interested in the medical field (among other areas).

The Office of Students and Multicultural Affairs, part of the Medical College of Georgia, has been offering young men and women excellent programs for over 40 years through their Pipeline Programs.These programs are designed for medical and dental school students.The Pre-Matriculation Program is for students entering the Medical College of Georgia and Dental College of Georgia.It features six weeks in the summer of intense learning to help get a leg up when entering this competitive field.Participants learn content knowledge, skill development, networking and adjustment through a variety of courses, guest lectures, social activities, workshops and hands-on activities.

It ought to be mentioned that this unique and very beneficial program is by invitation only to those who qualify.North Park University North Park University’s parent denomination, the Evangelical Covenant Church, has 21 different summer camps around the country.Each of these camps is looking for college students to help run the camp and serve as role models for the next generation.North Park students who serve at one of these summer campus will receive a camp grant to be used the following academic year.

Interested students may attend the Camp Fair at North Park University so they can meet representatives from the camp, learn more about the ministry, find the best fit, and apply for a position.Positions include counseling positions for elementary through high school students, worship leading positions, maintenance and work crew, food service, adventure and outdoor positions, health assistants, and administrative positions.Working at a summer camp through North Park University can be a formative experience for college students, a time where they learn to serve others, work on a team, fill the summer hours, and receive a grant to help with tuition.Bates College Bates College offers approximately 20 students the opportunity to become Summer Research Fellows, students who will devote at least eight weeks of the summer to full-time research.

The fellowship includes a $3,500 grant, and the program is open to freshman, sophomores, and juniors.Research projects are conducted under the direction of a Bates faculty advisor, or a specialist from another institution.The goal of the program is to contribute to the student’s academic success while at Bates College; participants will be required to submit an abstract and final report within two weeks of finishing their project and present their research during the Parents Weekend Poster Session.Summer Research Fellowships are funded through a variety of sources, including an endowments established by the Maximilian E.

Hoffman Foundation, the Dorothy Dole Johnson ’41 Endowment for Science Research, the Phillips Endowment, the Ruggles Endowment, the Stangle Endowment, and the Tanaka Foundation.Duquesne University According to the National Science Foundation, students who participate in research tend to finish their degree more than those who start in sciences but do not participate in research.Due to this finding, Duquesne University has a very intentional goal with their summer programs…to help students who enter into the sciences, come to love and enjoy them, and hence, finish their degrees.To this end, the university faculty, the Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, the Mylan School of Pharmacy, and the National Science Foundation fund the Undergraduate Research Program.

This program offers students starting in their freshmen year ten weeks of hands on research experience in a variety of fields.The Integrated Computational and Experimental Chemistry NSF-REU Program, sponsored by ASSURE, and in collaboration with the National Science Foundation, offers biochemistry and chemistry majors an exciting research opportunity.The unique purpose of the program is to help young scientists “integrate computational techniques into their repertoire of problem solving skills to be more effective in the lab.University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign The summer research program at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign is unique in that it is offered to undergraduate students from populations underrepresented in graduate studies as a chance to explore careers in research.

The Summer Research Opportunities Program (SROP) gives participants the opportunity to establish important relationships with faculty in their respective fields of study, conduct graduate-level research under the supervision of a renowned University of Illinois faculty member, become acquainted with the culture of graduate school, and learn what is expected of them as graduate students.Students will be assigned to a particular research team consisting of about 10 SROP participants from similar majors and will meet regularly under the leadership of a team leader who is pursuing an advanced degree in a related field of study.While participating in the program, students will receive a stipend, be provided with room and board, travel expenses, and receive the necessary books, supplies, and materials needed to support their individual research.Vassar College Beginning in the summer of 1986, students at Vassar College have had the opportunity to participate in the Undergraduate Research Summer Institute (URSI).

This student-faculty research program allows over 60 students each summer to spend 10 weeks working with faculty members researching a number of topics from anthropology, astronomy, biology, chemistry, cognitive science, computer science, geology, mathematics, physics, and psychology.Students have worked at interesting locations around the United States including archeological sites in Alaska, the Kitt Peak Observatory in Arizona, and the Los Alamos National Laboratories.After spending the summer conducting research, participating in scientific workshops, and participating the communities’ social activities, URSI students and faculty come together in the early fall to present their research at the URSI Symposium.This dynamic program is known to help students secure employment in the sciences, pursue advanced degrees in the sciences, as well as publish their work in a variety of publications and scientific journals.Massachusetts Institute of Technology Finding its beginnings in 1986 as an institutional effort to address the issue of underrepresentation of African Americans, Mexican Americans, Native Americans, and Puerto Ricans in engineering and science today, the MIT Summer Research Program (MSRP) was formed.Today, this program’s main goal is to increase the number of underrepresented minorities and undeserved students in research.MSRP looks for sophomores, juniors, and non-graduating seniors who may benefit from spending the summer on MIT’s campus conducting research with some of MIT’s finest faculty members.While participating in MSRP, students receive individual counseling on academic careers, valuable laboratory experience, a weekly stipend, round trip travel expenses, university housing, and access to MIT’s state of the art campus facilities.This dynamic nine-week program can be life-changing as students attend weekly research presentations and seminars by MIT faculty, community service day, social outings, and prepare a research paper and presentation.

Baylor College of Medicine Baylor College of Medicine traces its history back to 1900, when a small group of Baylor University alumni started a school of medicine.In 1969, by mutual agreement, the College separated from Baylor University to become an independent institution.“Baylor College of Medicine is a health sciences university that creates knowledge and applies science and discoveries to further education, healthcare and community service locally and globally.” For students interested in science and medicine, the Summer Medical and Research Training (SMART) Program ought to be considered.

SMART was developed to “provide frontier-level, biomedical summer research projects for undergraduates in a supportive environment with supplemental educational activities.” Qualifying and accepted students into this competitive program are compensated $5,000 for nine weeks.Their website boasts that “the program has gained nationwide recognition from students, their advisers, and granting agencies as one of the most successful ever created due to our incomparable resources in the Texas Medical Center and people who truly believe in opening doors of opportunity to college students.Ohio State University The Ohio State University is one of the top universities in our country for many reasons.

Founded in 1870 with over 58,000 students, 200 undergraduate majors, and 250 masters, doctoral, and professional degree programs, the university is booming in many respects.5 million for research in critical areas such as cancer, infectious disease, advanced materials, and ag-bio products.The SUCCESS Program needs to be seen in light of OSU’s overall mission and dedication to research.Designed for outstanding students, this 10-week research experience is for those interested in biomedical sciences pursuing graduate education.

There are also great opportunities for underrepresented people in the country aspiring to be in the medical field.The director of the program had this to say, “As an MD-PhD who both practices medicine and runs a basic cancer research lab, I can tell you that this career path takes tremendous devotion and hard work, but it also provides a level of excitement and satisfaction that is found in few others.As a biomedical researcher, you will have the opportunity to identify problems that affect real people, study them in the laboratory or clinic, and use that knowledge to develop new understandings or strategies to improve human health.Vanderbilt University Benson Science Hall spire and exterior photographs (Vanderbilt Photo / Daniel Dubois) For 143 years Vanderbilt University has been educating young men and women who go on to do great things.

Now training 12,000 students, Vanderbilt gets the job done.With six Nobel Laureates and the Vanderbilt University Medical Center nationally ranked in eight adult and 10 pediatric specialties, it goes without saying, VU is an excellent institution.In 2003, the Office of Biomedical Research Education and Training (BRET) established the Vanderbilt Summer Science Academy (VSSA) to bring together all undergraduates conducting biomedical research at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.The summer program offers two main tracks for eligible students: the Basic Science Programs for undergraduates interested in careers in research, with about a dozen different choices in a variety of fields within the track, and the Undergraduate Clinical Research Internship Program for undergraduates who wish to pursue a career in medicine.

Overall, for any student interested in medicine and research, Vanderbilt delivers.

Emmanuel College In 1919, the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur founded Emmanuel College in New England.Since then, it has grown from a women’s college to a competitive coeducational college with 1,800 students and over 50 majors, minors, and concentrations.Emmanuel is located on a 17-acre campus in the heart of Boston’s educational, scientific, cultural and medical communities.An exceptional summer program is their Summer Community Service Fellowships.

There are six summer fellowships available for students.The summer of service consists of 10 weeks in Boston.Students may help urban youth, serve alongside the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, or engage in other community service.These fellowships are jointly funded by the Center for Mission Engagement and the Jean Yawkey Center for Community Leadership.

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Students who are accepted and become fellows are provided with on-campus housing, a stipend, a monthly T-pass and meal tickets to the Emmanuel dining hall.

Fellows serve full time or part time with one of Emmanuel’s community partner organizations.Fellows meet weekly with each other and various members of the faculty and administration for dinner and discussion on their summer experience Help me do a custom recreation management research paper Platinum 20 days 12 pages / 3300 words British.Fellows meet weekly with each other and various members of the faculty and administration for dinner and discussion on their summer experience.

George Fox University George Fox University is a small, private, liberal-arts Christian university in Oregon.It has grown much since its initial founding by Quakers in 1885.

It now a top ranked institution that “provides an experience in which students will be personally challenged – spiritually, emotionally and culturally, to think with clarity, act with integrity and serve with passion.” As for summer programs, GFU offers trips that are a combination of community service and missions.These trips last three to four weeks and challenge students to learn from and work alongside great people and model organizations in the context of their culture, community and complexities.Last year GFU students served in Kenya, Nicaragua, and Uganda.This year trips include China, Romania, and Kenya.

GFU students will work with Open Arms International in Eldoret, Kenya and focus on medical aid, feeding programs for needy children, construction, and work projects.Some trips may also include prison visits and training conferences.Another opportunity is a trip to Romania where students “serve Jesus among the most vulnerable there: at-risk children, street youth and poor families.Lipscomb University Davide Lipscomb and James A.

Harding came together in Nashville, Tennessee in 1891 because they believed that a truly educated individual was equipped both academically and spiritually.Thus Lipscomb University was formed, affiliated with the Church of Christ.Today, the school offers 141 fields of undergraduate studies and many advanced degrees to approximately 3,600 students.Their summer program is unique in that Lipscomb University’s Career Development Center (CDC) actively seeks to connect employment and internships to earning college credit.If students to take at least nine credit hours in the summer they can be credited up to three credit hours of internship courses for free.In addition to this incentive, students working in an internship (paid or unpaid, on or off-campus, part or full-time) can receive academic credit for their time.Their website breaks this down in that 10 hours a week for 13 weeks translated into 1 full hour of academic credit, 12 hours per week for 13 weeks would be 2 and so on.This valuable experience provides students with a chance to earn money while catching up on credits.Calvin College Calvin College is committed to excellence in education and religion.It is a private Christian school established in 1876 and now offers over 100 majors, minors and programs, with the top major and programs in education, engineering, business, nursing, psychology, biology, English, communications, kinesiology, and speech pathology.At Calvin, the sciences are taken seriously with their outstanding summer research opportunities.Paid student fellows partner with faculty to conduct research in biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering, geology, geography, mathematics/statistics, nursing, physics/astronomy and psychology.The website gives a nice fact summary of the program in 2015: “Eighty-five students worked with 44 Calvin professors from nine departments.

Students received a $3,800 stipend for 10 weeks of research.Fifty-three research projects explored a wide variety of projects ranging from plant responses to climate change to nanomolecular building projects to the impact of green roofs on energy use to trapping atoms.Oberlin College One of the most exciting and unique programs on the list is “Oberlin in Italy,” a summer program designed to help students who are considering a career in opera.Participants hone their skills in the country where opera was born and receive comprehensive training in all aspects of opera including singers, pianists, instrumentalists, costume designers, stage directors, design and production artists, and conductors.

Not only will students have fabulous training from faculty from noted conservatories and schools from around the world, they will be immersed in Italian language and culture.During the course of the program, students will participate in two fully-staged operas.In addition to learning about opera, students will have 15 hours weekly of Intensive Italian Language Study through a course designed by the Accademia Britannica specifically for the Program with the developing opera professional in mind.There is no doubt that this unique summer program offers a life-changing opportunity.

Creighton University Creighton University offers an exciting travel opportunity during the summer, called “From Nuremberg to The Hague,” which gives students the chance to learn firsthand about the Holocaust in Nuremberg.Considered the birthplace of modern international criminal law, Nuremberg is a Bavarian city that hosted the Nazi war crimes trials after World War II.Students will spend a month in Germany and The Netherlands, tracing Germany’s Nazi past by visiting former concentration camps, Hitler’s “Eagle’s Nest” retreat in the Alps, and traveling to The Hague, Netherlands where war criminals were prosecuted.Traveling to these fascinating locations, as well attending classroom instruction, students will forever be changed by these historical and legal experiences.The Germany Summer Program is open to Creighton law students as well as graduate and upper-level undergraduate students.

Participating students will receive six credit hours.Albert Einstein College of Medicine Albert Einstein said, “The most beautiful thing we can experience in the mysterious.It is the source all true art and science.” What is more amazing and mysterious than the workings of the human body and mind? At Albert Einstein College of Medicine, there are about 1,000 students who receive a respected biomedical and clinical research education, and are known for excellence in their humanistic approach to medicine and research.

Their summer program, called SURP, is designed for 50 undergraduates who are seeking research as a career.It consists of eight weeks of laboratory work capped with a presentation.Participants are enriched with the experience of working with a leading institution of research, cutting-edge techniques, outstanding faculty and peer interactions, a $3000 dollar stipend, free-housing, up to $500 dollars of travel money.The experience is not all work and no play, however.Participating students are considered part of the Einstein student body and may take part in all social activities on campus, as well as a trip to the Bronx Zoo and a student and faculty barbecue.

Davidson College Davidson College’s Center for Civic Engagements facilitates several unique summer opportunities for Davidson College students during the summer.Each summer, six Davidson students are chosen to be servant leader interns with the Freedom Schools program.This program was developed by the Children’s Defense Fund and provides kindergarten through eighth grade students’ summer enrichment experiences that foster a love of reading, increased self-esteem, and a positive attitude towards learning.Davidson students who participate in this program will receive a stipend, and will have to chance to work with these young students.

Davidson students may also participate in Community Engagement Fellows, where they will be paired with non-profit organizations for eight weeks of service during the summer.Students in this program will also receive a stipend for their work.These excellent programs foster student involvement in the community while providing Davidson students summer activity and a stipend.University of Washington The Summer Institute in the Arts and Humanities was formed by the Undergraduate Research Program in collaboration with the Simpson Center for the Humanities to create opportunities for students to engage in scholarly work at the undergraduate level.

The institute brings faculty and students together to earn full-time, academic credit through immersion in scholarly research with accomplished scholars and peers.During the summer, students spend time in intensive training while conducting individual research in collaboration with other students who are working on related projects, and with faculty who offer their expertise.The overall goal of the Summer Institute in the Arts and Humanities is to increase the number of undergraduates doing research in the humanities, provide an intensive research opportunity for students, establish a community of undergraduate arts and humanities scholars, and to create a forum for humanities undergraduates to present their scholarly work.As Assistant Professor Phillip Thurtle eloquently stated in his closing remarks for the 2005 UW Summer Symposium in the Arts and Humanities, “The magic of research in the arts and humanities focuses the big issues of life and make them perceivable, even personal.In doing so, it transforms those who are willing and able to be touched by it.

Stanford University Since 1891 Stanford has nurtured creative minds that are interested in making real changes in the world.Stanford has many summer programs and opportunities, and their Intensive Studies Program is one worth noting.Students may choose from two areas to focus and deepen their knowledge in preparation for graduate school or the job market: “Scientific Foundations” offers Organic Chemistry, General Chemistry or Computer Science, and “Global Perspective” offers studies in Human Rights, International Management, Water Management, Foreign Languages, and Technology and Innovation.The programs are eight or nine week intensive studies that require a “B” or higher to receive a Certificate of Completion.

To mention a couple highlights, the Organic Chemistry focus fulfills the one-year college organic chemistry requirement with lab for most medical schools.The Water Management program is innovative in addressing vital global issues.“Academic work is enhanced by a speaker series featuring leading thinkers from each area of focus.” With dedication like the Intensive Studies Program, Stanford lives out the motto found on their seal “The wind of freedom blows” by “promoting freedom of mind and the pure search for knowledge.Gordon College There are number of different summer programs at Gordon that deserve mention.The school offers summer internships, study abroad programs, research fellowships, and enrichment programs.Many of these do fit our criteria, but due to limited space a few examples must suffice.As for internships, the Gordon Global International Program gives students interested in building global networks in many different career related fields or ministry interests a great chance to get ahead in experience, skills and knowledge; students may go to in South American, Europe, Africa and Asia.Interns are unpaid and expected to pay travel expenses, though some organizations help with living expenses and provide stipends and there are possibilities to earn credit.

Awarded to five student students every year is the A.For qualified sophomores and juniors interested in Christian leadership, ministry, and international experience, this is a great opportunity.

The Fellowship covers travel costs up to $4000 dollars and also grants $1000 dollars to students who complete all the requirements.

In addition to these unique programs, opportunities abound in research, service learning and more.Case Western Reserve University There are 13 exceptional options of summer programs for the nearly 1,200 students at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio.In 2002, this premier medical and research school became the third institution in history to receive the best possible assessment from the Liaison Committee on Medical Education.Most of the programs offered during the summer range from six to ten weeks, some are paid internships, some provide stipends of various amounts, and all give students real world, hands-on experience, and an advantage in their prospective fields.

For example, the Academic Careers in Engineering and Science for Minority Students is a ten-week biomedical research program with a stipend of $3500.The MetroHealth Chester Scholars Program offers $2500 dollars for 15 students who have completed their second year of undergraduate studies.There are additional opportunities in: The Heart, Lung, and Blood Minority Research Training Program, The Pediatrics Program in Summer Research, Summer on the Cuyahoga Internships in finance, technology, marketing, and business, The Undergraduate Research Program in Physiology and Biophysics, and more.Bryn Mawr College Bryn Mawr College was one of the first American Institutions in the United States to establish an ongoing cooperative exchange agreement with the Pushkin Institute of the Russian Language in Moscow.

The agreement covered exchanges of students, faculty, and teaching materials, some of which are still used in the summer programs.This exciting program was founded in 1977 with the goal to support the study and teaching of Russian in the United States by providing an intensive-immersion setting for both teachers and learners of the language.The eight-week Russian Language Institute offers a highly-focused curriculum and a study environment conducive to the rapid development of the four language skills (oral, aural, writing, reading) as well as cultural awareness.This program is certainly one-of-a-kind and provides students with an educational experience that will benefit them for the rest of their lives.College of the Holy Cross Summer internships are widely available at many universities in our country, and are beginning to be considered necessary in today’s competitive marketplace.Many schools only offer a few internships that may or may not produce quality results.At the College of the Holy Cross, in Massachusetts, the nearly 3,000 students are blessed with over 100 choices of quality internships in a variety of fields: advertising, medicine, finance, law, publishing, research, and social services to name a few.The application process is straightforward and the staff of the Center for Career Development assists along the way.The helpful staff can assist students in choosing the right internship with the hundred plus to choose from.

Also notable is the amount of opportunity for students to receive funding.The standard funding is $3000 dollars for a stipend with an additional possible $500 for relocation.Funding is based on a 35 hour week for 10 weeks.Beloit College Beloit College is a small private liberal arts school located in Wisconsin that was founded in 1846.

The school has about 1300 students and is known for its hands-on, liberal arts approach, with notable success in anthropology and geology among others.

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In the summer, Beloit lives its mission of “engaging the intelligence, imagination, and curiosity of students” with opportunities to learn through the Center for Language Studies, the Beloit Blocks, Summer Research and Community programs, and the Sustainability Fellows, Duffy, McNair and Sanger programs.The Center for Language Studies is a four or eight-week language immersion program in Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, or Russian that is open to high school students 17 and older, undergraduate and graduate, and professionals.The Beloit College Sustainability Fellows Program is also unique Best Pre College Summer Programs for 2017 College Choice.The Beloit College Sustainability Fellows Program is also unique.

It gives qualifying students the opportunity to contribute their expertise to a campus- or community-based sustainability project, for example, the Beloit Urban Garden and Stormwater Management among many others.

This year, a project to help manage and restore the Nygren Wetlands by working with the Natural Land Institute (NLI).All in all, students interested in diverse study opportunities in a variety of fields should take a look at Beloit COAPRT Accredited Academic Programs National Recreation and nbsp.All in all, students interested in diverse study opportunities in a variety of fields should take a look at Beloit.University of California – Los Angeles Being the University of California Los Angeles offers the advantages of a large university, namely choice.As for unique summer programs, UCLA offers Summer Institutes that go beyond the traditional classroom.

The Summer Institute Programs are diverse and relevant.The Jumpstart Summer Institute program is an intensive, full-time summer architecture experience through a four-week program exploring architectural education for individuals contemplating careers in architecture, design, and related fields.Working in a studio setting similar to graduate students, participants use the latest computer aided techniques in 3D modeling as preparation for graduate studies or the job market.UCLA also has other great programs: The Managing Enterprise in Media, Entertainment, and Sports Sumer Institute offers tremendous potential for the job market as the program focuses on innovating, marketing, and managing within this multi-billion dollar industry.The Technology Leadership Summer Institute offers students interested in pursuing a career as a manager, a leader, or an entrepreneur in sectors such as high-tech, finance, healthcare, entertainment/media, manufacturing, and others an intensive six-week program featuring training in leadership, innovation and product development, data management and data analytics, and communication.

University of Pennsylvania At the University of Pennsylvania, there are two unique aspects to their summer session.They offer over 300 summer courses in the traditional summer format, but as their website states, “Penn Summer has a unique program for undergraduate students currently enrolled at other institutions around the country.Our Open Enrollment process allows these students to enroll in Penn Summer as visiting students.” In addition to this, and something many students are looking for today is Penn’s Study Abroad programs.

Traveling to a foreign country with no classes can be life changing and more educational than any traditional class setting.Combine the excellence of a Penn education with travel and you have something worth writing home about.Many of the Study Abroad programs fit our criteria of at least four weeks, though some do not and may only be 10 days.Through the College of Liberal and Professional Studies (LPS) students may be drawn to London for five weeks of study in the footsteps of Charles Dickens and other literary stalwarts of European history.

Locations vary and can be found easily on their website: Examples include South Africa, Cuba, Argentina and many other European destinations.

A life changing experience awaits for those with a travel bug and the desire to earn Penn credits on the journey.Wheaton College Wheaton College is one of the highest ranked Evangelical Christian institutions of higher learning.Their mission statement is: “Wheaton College serves Jesus Christ and advances His Kingdom through excellence in liberal arts and graduate programs that educate the whole person to build the church and benefit society worldwide.” Their Summer Programs fit within this mission and are designed and lead by Wheaton faculty.

For travelers and adventures, Wheaton is truly incredible.With a host of global and experiential learning programs to complement and enhance the on-campus academic experience, students can virtually choose to go anywhere on the globe.A list of summer programs illustrates the plethora of options: AAE: Ethiopia, Arts in London, Excavation in Israel, Wheaton in Germany, the Holy Lands, Spain, Washington, China, and more.To highlight only two, Excavation in Israel consists of a six week archaeological dig alongside professors and other archaeologists in the Excavation in Ashkelon program and the Tel Shimron Archaeological Survey.Arts in London is a four-week culture program in London, England.

The program offers a variety of opportunities for students to attend concerts, theater, opera, and ballet and visit museums and art galleries while living in London.University of Dayton At the University of Dayton, there is a plethora of choices for excellent summer programs.There are different types of programs available.There are Dayton faculty-led summer study abroad programs which consist of two to six-week sessions virtually anywhere on the globe.

In addition to great experience and expertise of a faculty-led trip, students can earn between one and ten credit hours and at some sites may earn a full semester of academic credit! There are too many programs to mention, however, it should be mentioned some are interdisciplinary and others are specific to a discipline.As for choices, there are also Service Programs in which students participate for four to six weeks of cultural immersion in El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, or Cameroon.ETHOS is another such opportunity, though students can earn up to three credit hours, engage in an international technical service project, and is only open to engineering and business majors.University of California – Irvine University of California Irvine is ripe with amazing opportunities in the summer for freshmen, transfers, and current students.

The Bali Institute for Global Renewal is an exciting chance to learn, earn credits, and advance in career related fields.Limited space creates a high demand as participants will study public health principles and examine health and disease.Participants will also work with an NGO to investigate, monitor, and identify health problems and hazards in the local Balinese community during this intense five-week experience.Another offering is the Summer Global Internships.

Students looking to “expand their worldview, gain work experience, and earn credit…while reaping the benefits of travel” should look no further than this program.Choices abound in terms of location with options in Berlin, Boston, Cape Town, Hong Kong, New York, Singaore, and Toronto.There are no pre-requisites or foreign language requirements for the program, and internship placement is offered in both international and U.cities, including Boston, Hong Kong, New York, Singapore, and Toronto.

Yale University It is an understatement to say Yale offers many choices for students in the summer.Besides many traditional summer courses, Yale Summer Session includes: Study Abroad, English Language Institute, Online Courses, Writers’ Conference, Drama and Film, and Foreign Language Courses.Not all these programs are for undergraduates, but many are.Of particular interest is the Study Abroad program.

The scope is spectacular and requires a perusal of their website to truly see the whole gamut.To mention only two options, young researchers may opt for The International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU) Global Summer Program, which offers courses for undergraduate students at ten of the world’s leading research-intensive universities; they may be interested in Yale in London, which offers small seminar classes with Yale University professors and British scholars.All in all, Yale demonstrates why it is one of the top universities in the world.Cornell University What grew out of a desire to extend education for teachers to the natural surroundings of the Finger Lakes region has grown to be one of the most inclusive and developed summer sessions in the country.

Cornell University’s School of Continuing Education and Summer Sessions (SCE) was designed to set Cornell apart.To mention only a couple of the unique programs at Cornell doesn’t truly do justice to the amount of opportunity that exists.The Cornell in Washington program is unique in that Cornell students can earn credit, participate in D.life, an education in itself, and gain valuable career experience.

The SCE’s Professional Studies offers “high-quality programs for professionals, executives, and students committed to launching, changing, or advancing their careers.” The key here is flexibility: opportunities include credit and non-credit courses, full semester classes and one-day seminars, inspiring on- and off-campus programs, online learning opportunities, internship programs, and even custom made programs.There are also a host of special programs in a variety of fields worth investigating.With this diversity and number of unique quality programs, Cornell ranks #1.

Research Article Student Academic Performance: The Role of Motivation, Strategies, and Perceived Factors Hindering Liberian Junior and Senior High School Students Learning Correspondence should be addressed to Charles Gbollie Received 27 December 2016; Accepted 27 February 2017; Published 20 March 2017 Academic Editor: Jan Elen Copyright © 2017 Charles Gbollie and Harriett Pearl Keamu.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.Abstract The nature of motivation and learning strategy use is vital to improving student learning outcomes.This study was intended to explore the motivational beliefs and learning strategy use by Liberian junior and senior high school students in connection with their academic performance.It also solicited students’ self-reports about presumed factors hindering their learning.Utilizing a cross-sectional quantitative research design, 323 participants took part in the study from 2 counties.

Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) was adapted and 12 potential learning hindrances were identified and used as instruments.Data analyses were conducted using SPSS 17.The results showed the motivational belief component of extrinsic goal orientation as the most preferred belief and test anxiety was the least possessed belief.Rehearsal strategies were found to be the most frequently used, while help seeking was reported to be the least strategy considered.

The result also showed significant relationships between the two constructs.In addition, the study found some learning hindrances.A number of conclusions as well as some practical recommendations for action relative to the improvement of student performance have been advanced.Introduction Liberia’s education sector is undergoing reform.

The sector, like many others, was seriously affected as a result of years of civil unrests, resulting in the destruction of learning facilities and lack of qualified teachers as well as libraries and laboratories to promote smooth teaching and learning in Liberia.In addition, the issues of access, quality, governance, and management need to be enhanced for better educational service delivery for improved student learning outcomes.Consequently, the Government of Liberia (GoL) through the Ministry of Education (MoE), partners and donors, have been tackling Liberia’s educational challenges for more than a decade now under the current political sphere.For instance, the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) in 2010 awarded a US$40 million dollar grant to support Liberia in implementing its education sector plan 1 .The grant provided resources for strengthening the management capacity and accountability in the education sector.

Under the grant 189 classrooms were built or rehabilitated; more than one million textbooks and 20,000 teachers’ guides distributed to 2,489 schools, approximately 1 million supplementary reading books, 1.4 million supplementary pieces of instructional materials procured, and school grants disbursed to 2,579 schools following their reopening after the Ebola crisis 1 .Partner organizations like USAID, UNICEF, OSIWA, EU, Save the Children, and Plan International, among others, have also invested and continue to invest millions into different programs in the sector including teacher training and provision of teaching and learning materials.As a responsibility bearer to educate its citizens, the Liberian government on an annual basis gives budgetary support to the Ministry of Education to run the education sector.

This is in support of GoL’s constitutional obligation to provide all Liberians equal access to educational opportunities and facilities to ensure the social, economic, and political wellbeing of Liberia 2 .Accordingly, the Liberian Education Law requires for Basic Education of the country, which comprises grades 1–9, to be free and compulsory 3 , though the compulsion part is not being fully implemented due to limited access to learning facilities, among other constraints.In compliance with Global Standards, Liberia Ministry of Education is working with its partners and relevant stakeholders to align the Sustainable Development Goal 4, which seeks to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all, with the Ministry’s Getting to Best Strategies and Education Sector Plan.This further justifies the need for government and partners to continue their support to the sector.Emphatically, the support being provided by the Liberian government and donors has triggered some achievements including the provision of textbooks, learning materials, teachers’ guides, the construction and renovation of schools, and education facilities around the country and the successful implementation of capacity development programs targeting school administrators, teachers, and Parent-Teacher Associations 4 .

Despite educational inputs provided to date, the overall academic performance of Liberian students has not been impressive.This is indicative of the incessant drops in the passing marks of 9th and 12th graders in the regional exams, administered by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) Liberia office 5, 6 .In 2013, no candidate passed in the division one category, and of a total of 27,651 candidates who sat May/June, 2014, senior high school certificate exams only 13,349 or 48.For 2016, 22,671 out of 46,927 students who registered for the exams failed, which constitutes nearly half (48.

46%) of the total number of students registered 6 .At junior high level, a total of 30,824 students made a successful pass out of the 49,771 that sat for the exams 6 .As a consequence of the deteriorating student performance, the education sector has received serious backlashes from a cross-section of Liberians including President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf who had called for its total overhaul, stressing the need for concerted efforts to address the situation.As an affirmation, Liberian education sector stakeholders at 2015 Joint Education Sector Review (JESR) in Grand Bassa County (one of Liberia’s 15 counties) acknowledged the predicament and carved a joint resolution, declaring Liberia’s education as a state of national emergency.In their wisdom, extraordinary actions were needed to redeem the sector, reemphasizing the necessity for collectivism to mend the sector.

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In an apparent response, the Liberian Ministry of Education has set out a number of priorities in this direction; the most paramount among them relates to dealing with underperformance of students by endeavouring to enhance students learning outcomes 4 .However, there is no proven tested model that guarantees that the implementation of the priorities would fully yield the much anticipated improved learning outcomes as they are not empirically driven.With the numerous inputs invested in Liberia’s education up to this point, many Liberians had envisaged substantial improvement in student learning outcomes Stanford University.With the numerous inputs invested in Liberia’s education up to this point, many Liberians had envisaged substantial improvement in student learning outcomes.

On the contrary, this has not materialized.Therefore, this necessitates taking a deeper step forward through empirical means, which may lead to a paradigm shift from the conventional approach of making interventions to evidence-based programming that would rekindle the required holistic positive change the sector continues to desperately yearn for The 20 Best College Summer Programs for Gifted Students Best nbsp.

Therefore, this necessitates taking a deeper step forward through empirical means, which may lead to a paradigm shift from the conventional approach of making interventions to evidence-based programming that would rekindle the required holistic positive change the sector continues to desperately yearn for.

Since students are at the core of learning process, a study tailored to their motivations and strategies and factors hindering their learning is imperative as students themselves play pivotal roles in shifting their own learning and acquiring enhanced academic achievement.Accordingly, Pintrich 7 acknowledged that research on student motivation is central to research in learning and teaching settings.8 have demonstrated that positive motivational beliefs positively related to higher levels of self-regulated learning.

This study is critical because it delves into Liberian students’ motivations and strategies as well as factors hampering their learning.

Cognizant of this, Zimmerman 9 stresses that there is a growing pedagogical need to comprehend how students develop the capability and motivation to regulate their own learning.Zimmerman believes that when students monitor their responding and attribute outcomes to their strategies, their learning becomes self-regulated, and they exhibit increased self-efficacy, greater intrinsic motivation, and higher academic achievement.10 noted that motivation plays an important role in learning because it greatly explains academic performance.Students are supposedly capable of instigating, modifying, and sustaining information.

Further, research showed that students’ motivations and strategy use have some impact on student performance 11 .According to Schunk 12 , Pintrich thinks students must monitor, regulate, and control their cognition, motivation, and behavior as part of self-regulated learning.According to Pintrich 7 , Zimmerman has revealed that students who are self-regulating, who set goals or plans, and who try to monitor and control their own cognition, motivation, and behavior predicated upon these goals are more likely to do much better in school.Motivation is a fundamental recipe for academic success.It involves internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to job, role, or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal.

Dornyei 13 argued that motivation explains why people decide to do something, how hard they are going to pursue it, and how long they are willing to sustain the activity.In order words, “motivation is what gets you going, keeps you going, and determines where you’re trying to go” 14, p-317 .Alderman 15 indicates that those students who have optimum motivation have an edge because they have adaptive attitudes and strategies, such as maintaining intrinsic interest, goal setting, and self-monitoring.Besides, motivational variables interact with cognitive, behavioral, and contextual factors to upset self-regulation 16 .Furthermore, motivational beliefs are very essential to the academic achievement of students because they help to determine the extent to which students will consider, value, put in effort, and show interest in the task 17–19 .

For example, self-efficacy influences how learners feel, think, motivate themselves, and behave 17 .This has been manifested by research, indicating students’ problem solving performance significantly relates to their self-efficacy beliefs 20 .According to Zimmerman 21 , Collins found highly efficacious students to be quickly capable of rejecting faulty strategies, solving more problems, and reworking more previously difficult problems than their less efficacious counterparts.Further, Zimmerman and Martinez-Pons 22 noted that students who displayed greater perceptions of efficacy and used learning strategies progress well in school.Zimmerman and Martinez-Pons added that students’ belief about their academic efficacy can provide an essential window for understanding individual differences in learning and motivation.

The general expectancy-value model of motivation characterizes motivation into three components: value components that include goal orientation and task value; expectancy components that include self-efficacy and control beliefs; and the effective construct of test anxiety 18 , all of which are considered in this study.On the other hand, learning strategies have to do with steps taken by students to enhance their learning competencies.In the words of Zimmerman 21 , self-regulated learning strategies are actions and processes directed at acquiring information or skill that involve agency, purpose, and instrumentality perceptions by learners.Some learning strategy uses include rehearsal, organization, critical thinking, time and study environment management, effort regulation, peer learning, and help seeking 23 .There is a growing evidence about the importance of these strategies due to their bearings on academic performance 21 .

This is because research shows that students who use cognitive strategies such as elaboration and organization engage the contents at deeper level and are likely to remember information and retrieve it later 8 .In a study of 404 college students, Al Khatib 11 found that four of the independent variables (intrinsic goal orientation, self-efficacy, test anxiety, and meta-cognitive self-regulated learning) are significant predictors of college students’ performance.On the other hand, students who report higher level of test anxiety were less likely to be self-regulating 8 .Cognizant of the fact that these concepts (students’ motivations and learning strategies) are teachable, this study was very beneficial because it established Liberian junior and senior school students motivational beliefs and learning strategy use to learn various subjects.It also identified potential hindrances to students learning and proffered suggestions for enhanced academic performance in Liberia.

It is foreseen that this research findings would provide better and clearer comprehensibility of Liberian students’ motivation and use of learning strategies to help students, administrators, and policymakers improve teaching and learning through the development or alignment of policies and programs in the interest of nation building.Key Research Questions(1)What motivational beliefs are held by Liberian junior and senior high school students to learn?(2)Which strategies do Liberian students prefer in their quest to learn?(3)Does there exist relationship between students’ motivations and strategy use?(4)What factors do Liberian students think are hindering their learning? Hypothesis.From the literature reviewed, we can generally hypothesize that the types of motivations and strategy use are responsible for the decline in Liberian students’ academic performance, particularly for takers of WAEC exams.Our specific hypotheses include the following.Liberian junior and senior high school students were less self-efficacious and would be extrinsically motivated to learn.Students preferred rehearsal and organization strategies most, while critical thinking and effort regulation were least preferred strategies.Students’ motivational belief components showed relationship with strategy use components in learning expedition.Poor learning facilities and social media will be the most reported challenges hindering students learning, while worrying about life challenges and distance to and from school are the least factors hampering students learning.

Participants Utilizing a cross-sectional quantitative research design, 323 participants took part in this study.Of the population, 162 were male and 161 female.

They were drawn from eight public schools, comprising 182 (56.3%) participants from Montserrado and Margibi counties.The schools were selected in consideration with different characteristics of students enrolled.Participants were randomly selected with the participation of exclusively grades 8–12, at most 10 students per class.

On purpose, majority of the participants (86.7%) were 9, 10, and 11 grade students between ages 13 to 24 years and above in consideration with their reading comprehension to meticulously and objectively respond to research questions, and time left before they complete high school.Research Instruments The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) 23 , which seems to represent a useful, reliable, and valid means for assessing students’ motivation and the use of learning strategies 24 , was adapted and used to establish the motivational component (22 items) and strategy use component (30 items), each using a 7-point scale anchored by “not at all true of me” (1) and “very true of me” (7).

Scale scores were obtained by computing the average of the item scores within a scale.The internal consistency reliability coefficients for the whole and subdimensions scale range from .Besides, 12 widely presumed issues were punctiliously identified which could possibly hamper students learning.

Participants were required to rank on the scale of 1 to 12 in order of effect on their schooling, what is/are hampering them the most—1 means very serious effect and 12 not very serious effect.Research Procedure Liberian junior and senior high school students were allowed to participate in the study before the climax of 2nd semester of academic 2015/2016 which made it nearly full academic year.By this time, it was expected that they possessed some motivational beliefs as well as using strategies aimed at enabling them to possibly progress to the next grade level or fail.

At this time, they could scrupulously report on factors that impeded their learning.Consultations were made at national and school levels.The Ministry of Education was consulted on the rationale and purpose of the study; the Ministry indorsed the study and provided a letter of authorization, seeking school authorities’ cooperation.The school administrators and teachers were consulted by FREE Liberia, informing them about the purpose of the study and soliciting their acquiescence to allow their students to participate in the research.Students’ participation was completely voluntary even though they were assured of the highest degree of confidentiality.

The questionnaire contains clearly written questions on motivational beliefs, learning strategy use, and factors hampering their learning.Data collectors (staff of FREE Liberia) were trained on basic ethics of research and data collection techniques to enhance their skills to perform the task effectively.Participants completed the questionnaire within 20 to 30 minutes.Data Analysis To analyze the data, a number of statistical techniques were employed.As it relates to the motivational beliefs and learning strategies of participants, one-way repeated-measures ANOVA was used.Independent samples -test was used to examine if gender differences existed, while correlation analysis was considered to determine the relationship between students’ motivational beliefs and learning strategy use.This part of the analyses was conducted using the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS), version 17.

The factors hindering students’ learning were analyzed based on frequency of reports by respondents.Motivational Beliefs of Liberian Students for Learning The means and standard deviations of each of the components were found.Table 1 presents descriptive statistical results on the coefficient alphas, means, and standard deviations of each belief component.Extrinsic goal orientation got the highest mean (M = 5.

Table 1: Coefficient alphas and descriptive statistics for each motivational belief component.Learning Strategies of Liberian Students Descriptive statistics indicating the means and standard deviations were run, which showed mean differences.Rehearsal strategies have the highest mean (M = 3.85) and affective strategies obtained the lowest mean (M = 3.At this point, making straightforward generalized statements about these mean differences seems unrealistic.This is because it remains unclear as to whether the differences reached statistical significance.

On this basis, one-way repeated-measures ANOVA was introduced, which confirmed that the strategy components differ significantly as , .Table 2 presents detailed results of coefficient alphas, means, standard deviations, and the pairwise comparisons of various strategy components.Table 2: Coefficient alphas, means, mean differences, and one-way repeated-measures ANOVA pairwise comparison results for learning strategies of participants.From Table 2 results, it must be noted that, at the point of significance level, the component with the higher mean, for instance, rehearsal strategies and rehearsal strategies.In addition, it can be clearly pointed out that rehearsal strategies were preferred over effort regulation strategies by participants of the study and this was statistically significant.

The significance of the main preferred strategy use (rehearsal) cut across all the components investigated in this study.The results also pointed out that organization strategies are the second most favored strategies by participants and they have significant mean differences with all other components, except critical thinking strategies (M = 3.61), and organization strategies (M = 3.004, and organization strategies (M = 3.Results from the correlation analysis confirmed the existence of both positive relationship (i., as one variable increases in value, the other increases also) and negative relationship (i., one variable increases in value, the other decreases).

Table 3 presents SPSS output on the correlational relationships between motivational beliefs and learning strategy use by Liberian students.Table 3: Intercorrelations between Liberian junior and senior high school students’ motivational beliefs and strategy use.From Table 3, the most reported motivational belief positively correlated significantly with organization, effort regulation, peer learning strategies of Liberian junior and senior high school students.Intrinsic goal orientation and self-efficacy for learning and performance were all positively correlated with organization, critical thinking, time and study environment management, and peer learning and help seeking strategies.On the other hand, test anxiety negatively correlated with rehearsal, organization, critical thinking time, and study environment management and peer learning, but it was only statistically significant with effort regulation and help seeking strategies.

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Gender Differences for Motivational Beliefs and Learning Strategy Use Table 4 displays descriptive and independent samples -test statistical results of participants’ motivational beliefs and learning strategy use in relation to their gender.Female participants obtained higher means for extrinsic goal orientation and rehearsal, the most preferred motivational belief and strategy use in this study, respectively.

However, there were slight mean differences for both genders in other beliefs and strategies .However, there were slight mean differences for both genders in other beliefs and strategies.

Table 4: Results for motivational beliefs and strategy use for gender .As it can be noticed from Table 4, female participants reported greater extrinsic, control for learning beliefs, self-efficacy, and test anxiety motivational beliefs Student Academic Performance The Role of Motivation Strategies nbsp.As it can be noticed from Table 4, female participants reported greater extrinsic, control for learning beliefs, self-efficacy, and test anxiety motivational beliefs.Male students had higher mean differences in intrinsic goal orientation and task value Student Academic Performance The Role of Motivation Strategies nbsp.

Male students had higher mean differences in intrinsic goal orientation and task value.

However, the differences did not reach significance for all motivational belief components xlphp.org/research-paper/recreation-management.php.

However, the differences did not reach significance for all motivational belief components.

For strategy use, the descriptive statistics on the mean differences showed slight variations in various strategy use.Unlike motivations, two strategy use components showed statistically significant differences, female participants getting the higher mean for the effort regulation strategies (mean = 3.74) than their male counterparts (mean = 3.001, and with male participants getting higher mean on peer learning (mean = 3.95) than their female counterparts (mean = 3.

Learning Hindrances of Students To further deepen our understanding of Liberian junior and senior high school students apart from their motivational beliefs and learning strategy use, this study sought to generate students’ self-reports about factors hindering their learning.From a list of 12 potential factors, students were required to choose, in order of effect, perceived learning hindrances.Results from frequency analyses showed worrying about life challenges (poverty) with 57.9% and access to school (distance to and from school) with 48.9% as the most critical factors affecting students learning.

The least reported were peer pressure (going out friends) and video clubs/games with little over 17%.Figure 1 presents the reported hindrances to learning by Liberian junior and senior high school students.Figure 1: Learning hindrances identified by students.Gender versus Learning Hindrances When gender was plotted as a variable relative to these hindrances, female students reported higher effect on their learning for most of the factors in comparison with their male counterparts.Table 5 shows descriptive and independent samples -test statistical results of participants in line with gender.Table 5: Results for factors affecting students for gender ( ).From Table 5, female students showed significant differences for worrying about life challenges (poverty) (female: mean = 2.

Additionally, it portrayed significant differences for selling/hustling for daily bread, poor learning environments, none academic related punishments, and distance to and from school in favor of females, indicating that the problems have more adverse effects on their learning as compared to males.However, there was statistically significant difference when it comes to games (phone, computer, and PlayStations) as follows: male (mean = 2.Discussion Academic performance of Liberian students has not been satisfactory to many for nearly a decade now.

A sizable number of education stakeholders believes inputs in the sector do not commensurate with student attainment in regional exams.Though their judgement might tend to be subjective and relies exclusively on 9th and 12 graders performance in the WAEC exams, it seems apparently logical.As an old age yardstick for assessing students’ performance in Liberia, unremitting falloffs despite increased number of trained teachers with better incentive, built or renovated learning facilities, update-to-date textbooks, and so on in comparison with those of early 2000s are a matter of serious concern.Even though several challenges remain visible in Liberia’s education sector, which might still be hampering quality education delivery, much has not been done to delve empirically into underlining factors for the downward trend in Liberian students’ academic performance level.

FREE Liberia sought to commence a process by understanding the nature of motivation and use of learning strategies to help students, administrators, and policymakers improve learning.

10 propounded motivation plays a key role in learning; it largely explains academic performance as it is a construct that integrates both thoughts and feelings.Additionally, the study solicited Liberian junior and senior high school students self-reports regarding factors hindering their learning to inform policy-making and evidence-based programing.Capitalizing on the decline of students’ performance, the study anticipated that Liberian junior and senior high school students would be less self-efficacious and would utilize more rehearsal and organization strategies.They were also hypothesized to show limited use of critical thinking and effort regulation strategies.

Further, students’ motivational belief components were expected to show relationship with strategy use components as well as gender differences in both constructs.Finally, this research projected several factors deeply hampering students’ chances to do well in their academics.The findings of this study, no doubt, provide salient insights into the motivation and strategy use of Liberian students as well as factors hindering their learning and their implications for better student learning outcomes.The anticipated low self-efficacy for learning and performance hypothesized in this study was confirmed, which was our first aim.Students are found to be more extrinsically motivated, even though they value tasks.

This signifies that Liberian students’ quest to acquire education is being influenced by external forces.In other words, it can be explained that their devotion to learning different subjects is because of their desires for rewards and fear of penalty from teachers and parents, and not based on their inner aspirations.This result is inconsistent with a study by Marcou and Philippou 20 who found self-efficacy for learning and performance as the most significant belief for learners.Possibly, the high extrinsic motivation of students is triggered by their conception of education.Going to school might be viewed as a matter of satisfying parents and avoiding negative chastisements from the community.

In some instances, parents are constrained to compel compliance for the younger ones to go to school, giving them negative impression that learning is meant to satisfy them.Even though this is done in good faith, it is not enough to guarantee students’ success.Total involvement of parents is highly necessary.This study posits that there is disconnection between parents quest for their children to attain quality education and their corresponding involvement into children academics, which could be attributed to high illiteracy rate and purported busy schedules of educated parents.Many parents are not fully involved in their children’s learning and see it as a responsibility of the school.

This is evident through their nonparticipation in some parent-teacher association activities including meetings.Another factor for students reporting more extrinsic motivation could be as a result of high emphasis being placed on grades.Teachers often consider results from quizzes and tests as the only criterion for judging students’ mastery of contents and their abilities to perform better in academic and nonacademic environments.Consequently, students are more interested in getting better test scores because they consider these scores to be the best rewards and a show of academic fulfilment, which in the long run adversely affects their disposition to perform well.As noted by Pintrich 7 , Bandura advises students to believe that they are able and that they can and will do well in order to have better changes of remaining motivated in terms of effort, persistence, and behavior.

Thus, quality teachers are critical in shifting students learning in a better direction 25 and they need to consider learners’ motivation and cognition 8 .Despite high extrinsic motivation displayed, participants showed seemingly high task value and low test anxiety, which are healthy for improved learning outcomes.This means, Liberian students current performance is not as despicable as it may be perceived because they used a variety of motivational beliefs as well.Hence, there are good prospects and big room for improvement.The second aim of this study was to determine the strategy use by Liberian junior and senior high school students.

As hypothesized, students preferred rehearsal and organization strategies.Meaning, participants are mostly interested in repeating the words over and over to themselves to help in the recall of information (rehearsal) 26 and they make much effort to organize learning, for instance, outlining and creating tables, which fall in the category of cognitive learning strategies 23 .This finding is consistent with the extrinsic motivation of students displayed because they tend to memorize notes to pass exams.In addition to the extrapolations, wide use of rehearsal strategies might be influenced by teaching strategies employed in the classrooms.If teachers are not adequately contextualizing and simplifying complex information from abstract to concrete, students may resolve to memorizing and reproducing during exams.

On the other hand, this study also finds students help seeking strategies to be the least utilized as they insignificantly report seeking help from peers or instructors when needed, not focusing much on the use of others in learning.Such thing might be hampering their chances of progressing deeply in their learning pursuits as it is necessary ingredient for academic success.Accordingly, students must be motivated to muster courage to solicit assistance whenever necessary.Moreover, the relationship between motivation and strategy use by participants was confirmed with both positive and negative correlations (see Table 4), indicating how vital motivation is to the kind of strategies used by learners.This is supportive of exposition that the presence of motivation prompts the use of different types of strategies by learners 27 .

This finding is overwhelmingly supported by a number of previous studies 27–29 and increases our comprehensibility of motivational beliefs and strategy use.Based on the way motivational beliefs influence or show relationship with strategy use in this research, coupled with the available literature, it is argued that motivational beliefs and strategy use are “inseparable academic twins.” In this context, the two constructs cannot be separated or one completely goes without the other as students get involved in academic rituals.Motivation can be equated to being a bridge, and strategy use entails walking on the bridge.Therefore, motivation and strategy use relationship must be considered by teachers and school administrators and actions must be employed to suit them.

Because when the motivation of students is detrimentally affected, it would have reciprocal effect on students and their learning outcomes.Relative to gender roles, female participants reported greater extrinsic, control for learning beliefs, self-efficacy, and test anxiety, while male participants had edge when it comes to intrinsic goal orientation and task value.But these differences are infinitesimal as they failed to reach statistical significance for all motivational belief components.We can postulate that motivational beliefs are not ultimately determined by gender.

However, this contravenes previous studies that male and female students have significant differences in test anxiety, self-efficacy, and self-regulated learning 10, 11 .

The trend of motivation was taken by strategy use, but with a slight difference as two strategy use components (effort regulation and peer learning) were statistically significant in juxtaposition with gender in favor of female participants.Accordingly, females exhibited persisting in the face of difficult or boring tasks (effort regulation) as well as appreciating more learning and using a study group or friends to help learn (peer learning) as compared to their male counterparts.This result is captivating and it is a testament of enormous efforts being put in by education stakeholders to promote enrolment, retention, and completion rates of females aimed at closing gender disparity in Liberia’s education sector.One of the most fascinating findings of this study reveals worrying about life challenges (poverty) and access to school (distance to and from school) as the most perilous factors confronting Liberian junior and senior high school students’ learning.This rejects our hypothesis that poor learning facilities and harassment were going to top the list of learning hindrances.

Although the finding seems puzzling, it obviously conforms to entrenched high rate of poverty among the Liberian populace.BTI 22 reports that over two-thirds of the population live in extreme poverty, defined as less than $USD 1.This conceivably indicates that some students go to school hungry and without small cash for recess.Besides, some students have to cater for themselves, including paying some associated costs of education.

The perceived uncertainty about the future might also be a source of reported worries by participants.Because of high harmful nature of worries (poverty) to academic performance, Capra 30 urged authorities to “treat poverty, a condition that erodes our future and impedes any attempts at educational reform.” According to Capra, eradicating poverty and improving education are inextricably connected.Hence, education must be blended with strengthening and giving of hope to students.Liberian parents, school administrators, policymakers, and partners must work out modalities to quench the level of divulged worries among students.

Appertaining access (distance to and from school), the finding of this study is consistent with one of the challenges identified by the Ministry of Education to be impeding efforts to have every child in school, according to Gbollie et al.Although the study particularly concentrated on the urban areas of Montserrado and Margibi counties, access is still a challenge as disclosed by participants.Contrary to presupposition that peer pressure (going out with friends) and video clubs/games are somehow responsible for the underperformance of students, which resulted in some government restrictions, the study establishes that little over 17% of the participants think it is an issue (see Figure 1).Since gender remains an important phenomenon in Liberia’s education sector, factors affecting students learning were examined in line with gender.

Somewhat surprisingly, females reported that nine out of 12 factors have serious negative impact on their learning.

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This was even statistically significant for worrying about life challenges (poverty) and others (see Table 5), in comparison with male counterparts.Harassment in schools, which is said to be an issue, was among hindrances highly identified by females.Unexpectedly, harassment as a hindrance to learning did not reach significance level for both genders 22 Jul 2015 - Is your alma mater on the list of American colleges with the best website designs?   “We wanted to make the navigation as intuitive and simple as possible,” explained the team's web designer Philip Zastrow.   Not interested in arts and culture updates, but want to keep the sports and recreation stuff?.Unexpectedly, harassment as a hindrance to learning did not reach significance level for both genders.

It is assumed that this is because harassment in this study was treated generally, and it was not limited to sexual harassment, which could be experienced by male students as well.

Cognizant of the fact these learning hindrances have more serious consequences for girls’ education, addressing these challenges would go a long way in increasing girls’ chances for enrolment, retention, and completion.For instance, addressing poor learning conditions, including ensuring good water and sanitation in schools, is strongly needed to heighten girls’ chances of staying in school.Conclusion This research has provided valuable contributions to literature how to write an ethnicity term paper A4 (British/European) 14 days Formatting.Conclusion This research has provided valuable contributions to literature.It has increased our knowledge about the types of motivational beliefs and learning strategy use by Liberian junior and senior high school students and how these beliefs and strategies have implications for their academic performance.

Specifically, we have been able to establish the stimulating forces (beliefs) and mechanisms (strategies) propelling their progression or retrogression in learning various subjects at school.At the same time, we juxtaposed the belief and strategy constructs as well as investigated participants’ genders in the framework of motivational beliefs and strategy use for learning.Furthermore, the research enabled students to identify potential hindrances to their learning in order to derive a way of alleviating the challenges.Drawing from the findings, this study offers a number of conclusions, vital for teaching, learning, and policy-making, particularly in Liberia.The following are conclusions of this research.

(1)Liberian junior and senior high school students possess various motivational beliefs in their quest to acquire education.But they are extrinsically motivated, focusing on rewards and penalties, despite valuing their tasks and being less anxious.(2)Rehearsal and organization strategies are of priority to students as they make strides to progress through the academic ladder of high school.Nevertheless, help seeking strategies for asking for assistance from peers or instructors when needed remain the least strategy component considered.(3)Liberian students with good level of motivational beliefs are capable of using numerous learning strategies.

This is, however, contingent on the sort of beliefs they hold.Learners with greater amount of beliefs such as extrinsic and task value are more likely to use strategies including rehearsal and organization.(4)Being a male or a female does not give any Liberian junior or senior high school student outright advantage.Both males and females can possess different types of beliefs and strategies for learning.Such equitability does augur well towards curbing gender disparity, especially at senior high school level in Liberia.

(5)In spite of efforts being made, students are confronted with serious challenges that might be affecting their academic achievement levels.Students are worried about life challenges (poverty) and future uncertainties.Getting to and from school remains a paramount challenge.Contrary to presumptions, peer pressure (going out with friends) and video clubs/games have less significant effect on students’ learning.

(6)Learning hindrances are having more negative blunts on female students.

Alleviating these challenges including poor learning facilities would foster increased girls’ enrolment, retention, and completion rates in the Liberian school system.Generally, this study concludes that the performance of Liberian junior and senior high students is moderate in consistence with prevailing learning conditions, and there is a strong need for a paradigm shift to provide the quality of education fervently deserved and desired for all Liberian children.Hence, a number of recommendations and implications for action and future research are proffered.(1)Based on the significant role of motivation recognized in this study, teachers need to focus keen attention on motivating their students to promote their self-efficacies, always urging students to believe in their abilities to do well, and they (teachers) must also believe in their students.They must also ensure that students learn to ask for assistance whenever necessary.

The implication is that if learners are not motivated to enable them to believe in themselves and ask for help, it could affect their dispositions for lifelong learning and their capacities to succeed in various difficult life situations.(2)Teachers must be trained to integrate the essence of motivational beliefs and the need for students to use all kinds of strategies during instructions.In addition, teachers should assist their students to clearly understand the need for them to build up beliefs like task value, self-efficacy for learning and performance, intrinsic goal orientation, and control for learning beliefs as well as use of critical thinking, effort regulation, and peer and help seeking strategies to enhance their learning process.For instance, teachers can promote students’ task value for lessons by stressing the value of education to students’ future.(3)Student evaluation must be meticulous and holistic.

Emphasis must not only be placed on grades or rewards as the surest way to academic success, but it must also consider other skills and talents of students.Pupils must be repeatedly reminded to learn for their own good and the good of the society; hence, there is no need for bribery and other academic malpractice to get higher scores.Abolition of fire list in schools is recommended.(4)Liberian government through the Ministry of Education and partners must intensify efforts to alleviate various problems confronting students including worries about life challenges (poverty), access, poor learning facilities, and harassment in schools.Recreational, school feeding, transportation, continual improvement of schools, and stringent measures against harassment must be assertively supported.

(5)Government through the Ministry of Education should make efforts to train and employ more school counsellors and psychologists to motivate, guide, and mentor students to remain focused and purposeful in their academic pursuits.(6)Parents must desist from using children as breadwinners; National Government is recommended to compel compliance.Besides, parents must limit workloads given to school going age children and provide sufficient time for them to study their lessons.Effort must be made by both educated and uneducated parents to make time to support their children’s learning at home.(7)There is a glaring need for the Liberian government (Ministry of Education) and partners to undertake or fund systematic research projects (research commissions) to promote better understanding of Liberia’s education challenges and prospects.

Not-for-profit Liberian research institutions like FREE Liberia, higher education entities, and scholars should be supported morally or financially to routinely conduct empirical research projects in the country and disseminate findings thereof.(8)Interventions in the education sector must be backed by empirical evidence to enhance possibilities of programs success.Policy-making and programs must be informed by these research findings, and not by mere intuitions or presuppositions.(9)Finally, despite budgetary constraints, the Liberian government must annually endeavour to augment its education budget to enable the Ministry of Education to transcend from just paying education staff at central and decentralized levels to funding meaningful education programs that stimulate quality teaching and learning in schools.Limitations and Future Research Since this study only focused on Liberian junior and senior high school students from two counties (Montserrado and Margibi), results cannot be generalized to other counties.Similar further study is recommended, taking into consideration students from a number of counties with increased sample size preferably focusing on the most vulnerable counties in Southeastern Liberia.Furthermore, this research did not consider all strategy use components by students.There is a need for a study that considers all strategies including metacognitive strategies.

Furthermore, this study was unable to get test/exam scores of participants in order to correlate their self-reports with their academic achievements.This could have led to making more generalized and conclusive statements about beliefs and strategies in relation to academic performance of Liberian students.Therefore, future study must consider such combination of both students self-reports and their academic achievements.Conflicts of Interest The authors hereby wish to declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.Acknowledgments This research project was funded by the Foundation for Research, Education and Empowerment (FREE), Liberia, in support of quality education in Liberia.

FREE Liberia is a registered and duly accredited not-for-profit NGO aimed at improving lives through quality research, education, and empowerment.The authors’ sincere thanks and appreciation are due to FREE Liberia’s Board members, especially Dr.Rosemarie Terez-Santos, and staff of the organization including Coretta Kialen, Joseph Bernard, M.Freeman Dorker, Mulbah Saywala, David Tagbailee, and Faith K.Kialen for their kind support of, dedication to, and commitment in making this initiative a resounding success .Flemmings Fishani Ngwira and other colleagues for their inputs to the final product of this article.Darvas, Liberia-Global Partnership for Education Grant for Basic Education Project: P117662-Implementation Status Results Report: Sequence 10, World Bank Group, Washington, DC, USA, 2015, /country/liberia.

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